i ^ Northwestern University EVANSTON and CHICAGO Dental School Thirty- second Annual Announcement 1918-1919 Published by the University September, 1918 Dental School Calendar 1918-1919 1918 Sept. 23 Mon. Examinations for advanced standing begin Oct. I Tue. Academic year begins Oct. 12 Sat. Last day for entrance in course Nov. 28 Thu. Thanksgiving Day Dec. 21 Sat. Last day of school before Christmas recess 1919 Jan. 6 Mon. First day of school after Christmas recess Feb. 3 Mon. Mid-year examinations begin Feb. 3 Mon. Practitioner's Course begins Feb. 10 Mon. Second semester begins Feb. 12 Wed. Lincoln's Birthday Feb. 22 Sat. Washington's Birthday Mch. I Sat. Practitioner's Course ends May 22 Thu. Senior examinations begin May 30 Fri. Memorial Day June 2 Mon. Junior, Sophomore and Freshman examinations be- gin June 9 Mon. Commencement Banquet June 10 Tue. Home Coming Clinic June 1 1 Wed. sixty-first annual commencement 5 ( V The University ON the last day of May, in the year 1850, there met in the City of Chicago, at the office of Grant Goodrich, 109 Lake Street near Dearborn, nine men, Richard A. Blanchard, Jabez K. Botsford, Andrew J. Brown, Henry W. Clark, John Evans, Grant Goodrich, Zadoc Hall, Richard Haney, and Orrington Lunt, to con- sider the founding of a university in the vicinity of Chicago. The} agreed that "the interests of Christian learning demand the immediate establishment of a University in the North-west," and appointed a committee to petition the General Assembly for a charter. January 28, in the next yea.T, 1851, Governor French signed the Act that incorporated "the Trustees of the Northwestern University." The name of the corporation has since been changed to Northwestern University. The first Board of Trustees consisted of thirty-six persons, some of whom were representatives of annual conferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church and some residents of Chicago or vicinity. The corporation as at present constituted consists of thirty-six trustees elected by the Board, and two elected by each of three annual con- ferences of the Methodist Episcopal Church, making a total of fort>-two. The charter provides that a majority of the Board shall be mem- bers of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but that no particular religious faith shall be required for those who become students at the institution. Amendments have provided that other chartered institutions may become departments of the University; that all property of whatever kind or description belonging to or owned by the said corporation shall be forever free from taxation for any and all purposes; that no spirituous, vinous, or fermented liquors shall be sold under license or otherwise, within four miles of the location of the University. After considering several locations in the vicinity of Chicago, the Trustees selected for the University a tract of land on the shore of Lake IVIichigan, twelve miles north of the heart of Chicago. Here in 1855 the first University' building was erected, and about this location has grown up the City of Evanston, a beautiful residential city of thirty thousand inhabitants. The professional schools of Medicine, Law, Dentistry, and Commerce are situated in the city of Chicago, Northwestern University Dental School Administrative Officers Thomas Franklin Holgate, Ph.D., LL.D., President of the Univer- sity, ad interim. Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., D.D.S., Sc.D., Dean. Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Junior Dean. Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Secretary. The Faculty Thomas Lewis Gilmer, M.D., Sc.D., D.D.S., Professor of Oral Surgery. Arthur Davenport Black, M.A., M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Dental Pathology and of Operative Dentistry. Edmund Noyes, D.D.S., Professor of Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics. James Harrison Prothero, D.D.S., Professor of Prosthetic Technics, Prosthetic Dentistry, and Metallography. Twing Brooks Wiggin, M.D., Professor of Physiology; Instructor in Physical Diagnosis. Ira Benson Sellery, D.D.S., Professor of Orthodontia. Harry Mann Gordin, Ph.D., Professor of Chemistry. Eugene Shaw Willard, D.D.S., Professor of Bacteriology and Dental Pathology. Fred William Gethro, D.D.S., Professor of Operative Dentistry. Harry Isaac Van Tuyl, B.S., M.D., D.D.S., Professor of Anatomy. *Herbert Anthony Potts, D.D.S., M.D., Professor of Pathology; Lecturer on Anaesthesia ; Assistant in Oral Surgery. William Bebb, M.S., D.D.S., Professor of Comparative Anatomy; Curator of the Museum. Newton George Thomas, M.A., D.D.S., Professor of Biology and Histology; Assistant Curator of the Museum. James Leonard Morlan, B.S., D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Oper- ative Dentistry. Hillis Talley Brown, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Anatomy. Robert Edwin Blackwell, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Operative Dentistry; Superintendent of the Clinic. ■*In National Service. THE DENTAL SCHOOL Ernest Kennedy, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic Dentistry. William Graham Skillen, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Histology. Roscoe Leaton Stout, D.D.S., Assistant Professor of Prosthetic Den- tistry; in charge of Junior Prosthetic Laboratory. George Bion Denton, Ph.D., Assistant Professor of English. Edward Howard Hatton, M.D., Special Research Investigator; in charge of the Research Laboratory. Otto Ulysses King, D.D.S., Lecturer in Economics. George Buchanan Macfarlane, D.D.S., Chief Clinical Instructor in Operative Dentistry. George Edward Meyer, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. *Floyd DeWitt Leach, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography. Michael Joseph Buckley, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia. *Charles West Freeman, D.D.S., Instructor in Oral Surgery. Joseph Emerson Ridgway, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- tistry; in charge of Freshman and Sophomore Laboratories. *William Spencer Ryan, M.D., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica; in charge of Materia Medica Laboratory. Benjamin Harrison King, D.D.S., Instructor in Bacteriology. Jay Kaplan, Ph.C, Instructor in Chemistry. Charles Edward Wach, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Materia Medica. Benjamin Sherwin Partridge, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Den- tistry. Merl Mayo Printz, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. James Perrie Smith, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. *Thomas Hubert Renn, M.D., Instructor in Physiology. Isaac Alonzo Smothers, D.D.S., Instructor in Dental Pathology. Henry Randolph Rovelstad, D.D.S., Instructor in Physiology. *Stanley William Clark, D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia; Dem- onstrator in Operative Dentistry. Robert Ray Page, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. Alvin Guy Gunter, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. Charles George Sholes, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. William A. Murray, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. Louis Henry Ebersold, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. *John S. Kellogg, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. Lladislaus J. Nalencz-Koniuszewski, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Dentistry. *In National Service. N O R 1' IJ W IC S T E R N UNIVERSITY John Edward Birtwlstle, D.D.S., Instructor in Prosthetic Den- tistry. Minter Kelly Bragg, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. Gottfred Rudolph Lundquist, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Den- tistry. Perry Lee Scofield, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry. Joseph David Talbot, D.D.S., Instructor in Operative Dentistry; Assistant in Oral Surgery. Richard Leslie Bowser, D.D.S., Instructor in Pathology. Clarence Edwin Matteson, D.D.S., Instructor in Physiology; in charge of Physiology Laboratory. Harris Walker McClain, Ph.G., D.D.S., Instructor in Orthodontia and in Materia Medica. Cyrus Blazer McClurg, M.D., Instructor in Pathology. Ray Garfield Pierce, D.D.S., Instructor in Bacteriology. Lester Dale Weeks, B.A., D.D.S., Instructor in Chemistry, in charge of Chemical Laboratory. Otis John Wall, D.D.S. , Instructor in Operative Dentistry. Luther P. Basford, D.D.S., Examiner of Patients. Frederick William Merrifield, D.D.S., Assistant in Oral Surgery; in charge of Extraction Clinic. Christian Bernard Gurslee, B.S., Instructor in Physics; in charge of Physics Laboratory. Henry Plummer Westaby, D.D.S., Instructor in Radiography. STUDENT ASSISTANTS Charles Robert Deindoerfer, Assistant in Radiography. Gabriel J. Heyboer, Assistant in Chemistry. Irwin Sjdvester Oakland, M.S., Assistant in Chemistry. *Warren Leroy Fleck, Assistant in Biology. Jesse L. Ulrich, Assistant in Physics. John Gustav Voigt, Assistant in Radiography. Andrew W. Zeis, Assistant in Radiography. *In National Service. The Dental School THE DENTAL SCHOOL was founded and is maintained for the purpose of preparing young men and young women in the most thorough manner for the practice of dentistry, and for the promotion of dental science and dental literature. The reputation earned by this School is w^ell shown by the tabu- lation, on page 62, of the geographical distribution of students in attendance during the past year, from thirty-six states and nine foreign countries. The Dental School was organized in 1887 and three years later became a department of the University. In 1896 it absorbed the American College of Dental Surgery and for some years occupied the building on Franklin and Madison Streets, Chicago. It is now located in Northwestern University Building, at the corner of Lake and Dearborn Streets, Chicago, occupying the upper three floors of the building, over 60,000 square feet. The following men are deserving of permanent recognition for their devotion to this School, as evidenced by their work in Its development: Doctors Thomas L. Gilmer, G. V. Black, Edgar D. Swain, George H. Cushing, Theodore Menges, C. R. E. Koch, W. V-B. Ames and James H. Prothero. Special Notice — Students' Army Training Corps Under regulations recently announced by the War Department, a number of universities have been selected for the establishment of Students' Army Training Corps. Northwestern University is one of these, and the Dental School will have Its ow^n officers and corps. There will be ten hours per week of military training during the school year and six weeks in summer camp for those w^ho enlist for the training corps. All students over eighteen years of age are eligible to enlist. They Immediately become members of the United States Army, will be furnished with uniforms by the Government, and will be subject to active service at the call of the President. It is the expectation that members of this corps w^IU not be called to the colors until after graduation. This corps w^ill have ten hours per week of military training under officer instructors provided by the War Department. The regular schedule of the School will be modified to meet this requirement. 10 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY It is expected that this training will qualify a considerable per- centage of the students to enter officers' training camps. Arrangements are being made for a drill ground located within easy walking distance of the School. The Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps Men of draft age, who have not been called for service by their local boards, may matriculate as Freshmen in the Dental School on or after August lo, 1918, and enlist in the Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps. It is the expectation that they will be permitted to continue the dental course to graduation unless their services are urgently needed. This provision has been made by the Government to encour- age attendance at dental schools in order that there may be assured a sufficient number of dentists to meet the future needs of the Army. S\ich students are not granted exemption, and are not permitted to remain in school unless their scholastic records are satisfactory. They will be members of the Students' Army Training Corps and their work will be under Government supervision. BUILDING AND EQUIPMENT Northwestern University Building is in the transportation center of over three millions of people living within a radius of forty miles, a location especially advantageous for obtaining the great number of clinical patients needed in a dental school. See pages 36 and 37 for statement of number of patients and operations performed during the last School year. The operative clinic, sufficient in extent to accommodate the great clinic and the offices connected with it, is of the best design of con- struction, consisting of a single room with arched ceiling. It is on the sixth floor, with free light on two sides and abundant skylight. Adjoining the operative clinic is the prosthetic clinic, and on the same fioor is the senior prosthetic laboratory for crown and bridge work, the laboratory for porcelain and cast metal inlay work, an impression room, and two rooms and waiting-room for extracting, and a room devoted to radiographic work. There are six lecture-rooms, three of which are arranged on the amphitheater plan and have seats for 240 students. One of these is for the oral surgery clinic which has a waiting-room for surgical patients, a room for diagnosis and the preparation of patients, and a recovery room with sufficient beds for THE DENTAL SCHOOL 11 the temporary care of patients. The other three lecture rooms have seats for 175, 100, and 75 students. There are eight recitation rooms., each accommodating thirty-five or more students. Other rooms are the anatomical laboratory, which is placed well apart, and the labo- ratories for prosthetic technics, operative technics, chemistry, biology, histolog) % physiolog\% general pathology, bacteriology, materia medica. and for physics; the photographic laboratory, the students' reading- room, the library, and the museum. A new laboratory for scientific research is equipped with every facility for advance study of the many unsolved problems which confront the dental profession. This laboratory has every conven- ience for bacteriological study, animal experimentation and the study of human material from the general and oral surgery clinics. THE THEODORE MENGES LIBRARY ■ The Library and the adjoining reading-room occupy, together with the attached Journal Reading Room, 3,800 feet of floor space. It is furnished with reading tables and chairs for about one hun- dred students. The Library contains '3,338 volumes of books on dental and collateral subjects; a fine supply of dictionaries and ency- clopedias conveniently placed in the reading-room for easy consulta- tion ; and a nearly complete list of the dental journals that have been published in the English language, with about 25,000 duplicate num- bers. The books most used by the students are duplicated, up to six or twelve, and a few to fifteen copies. The books and journals may be used in the reading-room without restriction, and when the duplication of volumes will allow, they may be drawn out as a circulating library. THE G. V. BLACK MUSEUM The Museum, which in many of its sections is the most com- plete collection of illustrative material in existence, is open to inspec- tion and study. The cases are arranged to show the specimens to the best advantage. Recently the very extensive private collection of Dr. William Bebb has been added to the Museum under the title of the Bebb Collection. This collection consists of paleontological and modern animal and human bones, skeletons and skulls; many varieties of preserved fur animals, and a very choice collection of ancient and modern-obsolete dental instruments, tools and equipment; many 12 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY volumes of rare old books on dentistry in various languages; and engravings, paintings, lithographs, and cartoons illustrative of the development of dentistry. All of these have been arranged in most attractive manner for exhibition and study. The comparative anatomy specimens consist of heads with the teeth, with the exception of the gorilla and chimpanzee, of which there are full skeletons. There is a sufficient number of varieties of each of the several orders to afford specimens of every kind of tooth form and of every variety of placement in mammals, saurians, and snakes, with a large variety of fishes. The principal specimens of human skulls are, first, an excellent mounting of the separated bones of the adult; second, a fine set of dissections in a series showing the development of the teeth and the roots from the first appearance in the fetus to the full adult devel- opment, and illustrating the absorption of the roots of the deciduous teeth, the shedding process, and the replacement by permanent teeth ; also the absorption of the alveolar processes after the loss of teeth, with the changes that occur in the form of the bones of the jaws from childhood to old age. The Museum contains also a valuable collection of human teeth of abnormal forms; a very full and complete set of specimens illus- trating interproximal wear and the flattening of the points of inter- proximal contact. It is especially rich in casts of cases of super- numerary teeth ; some illustrations of the very early forms of artificial teeth, of manufactured porcelain teeth, and of dental instruments, illustrating the development in these lines. This collection has been made in the School largely by students and by alumni, and is being continually increased by donations from those who have met with specimens unusual or rare in practice. It also contains a most complete representation of the progress of Dental Hygiene and Prophylaxis as represented by the progressive steps of the development of the toothbrush, and a complete collection of dental instruments and appliances now obsolete in modern prac- tice of dentistry. SITUATION AND SURROUNDINGS The central location of the school and its convenient access from every point affords many and peculiar advantages to its students. It gives them the widest possible range of choice of residence while attending the school, without inconvenience in coming and going. It also gives the school the widest range of territory from which to THE DENTAL SCHOOL 13 draw the extensive clinic so necessary to a great dental school. The patients for this clinic come from all parts of the city of Chicago and its suburbs. The personal influence of the students of the school, each one of whom draws from his own friends and acquaint- ances, made in and about his place of residence, is an invaluable adjunct to the number who come simply as acquaintances of the school. Patients who come as the friends of students make up the personal clinical practice of the individual student. In this the out-of-town students seem to be in no respect less favored than the student w^hose home is in the city. This gaining, and holding, a> personal clinical practice under the supervision of the instructors in the clinic rooms has come to be one of the features of this school that has a telling effect upon the after-practice of its students. By this plan of work the student not only learns the theory of practice and the manipulations of practical operations in dentistry, but he passes at once to the work of real experience in building a practice for himself; in gaining that skill in professional comity and personal manner between himself and his patients, which is as necessary to him in after years, in drawing together and main- taining a practice, as his knowledge of dental diseases and his skill in their treatment. For these reasons the residence of students in groups in widely different portions of the city is favored. This also gives the benefits of a more homelike life, while giving in the aggregate a far better conception of life in a great city and decidedly better opportunity to draw upon its advantages, while shunning the disadvantages of large gatherings of students in a single locality. Chicago is a great city and gives many opportunities to the stu- dent who learns to avail himself of them. Lincoln Park on the north offers, besides its beautiful pleasure grounds, some extensive botanical gardens and winter conservatories, where all manner of plants may be enjoyed and studied; a fine zoological collection, where a large variety of animal and bird life may be studied, and the Museum of Natural History, in which there is a very large collection of birds, animals and fossil remains of extinct animal life. Jackson and Washington Parks on the south, besides their extensive pleasure grounds, also offer splendid botanical gardens and winter conservatories, while the Field Columbian Museum offers a rare collection of Natural History specimens especially suited for the study of comparative dental anatomy, of modern and ancient skulls and the condition of the teeth in the various races and types of men 14 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY in different ages. The admission to this museum is free to students on presentation of their matriculation tickets to this school. The Art Institute of Chicago is located within easy walking distance of the School; it offers many free admission hours, making its cultural opportunities conveniently available. OTHER LIBRARIES A number of libraries are accessible to students who have taste for study, or for looking up subjects of scientific or literary interest, or in connection with special studies. The University library collections offer very abundant facilities for students. They are ample in the number of books adapted to the different schools and are so situated as to be easily accessible; generally within the school buildings. They consist of the College Library, the Law Library, the Medical Library and the Theological Library. Chicago Library (773,403 volumes) is on Michigan Avenue and Washington Street, five minutes' walk from the school. It is one of the finest libraries in the country. Students may receive books from this library when vouched for by responsible persons known to the officials. This library has also many branch offices in different parts of the city, from which books may be received on application. These are convenient to many of the boarding places of students. The Newberry Library is very large (367,015 volumes) and, besides general works, has also a large collection devoted to history. It is on North Clark Street and Walton Place, and may be reached In a ten minutes' walk. This is a reference library and books can be used only in its reading rooms. The John Crerar Library (368,508 volumes) occupies one and one-half floors in the Marshall Field Building, corner Wabash Avenue and Washington Street. It is devoted mainly to the natural, the phj^sical and the social sciences, with their applications, but has one large room containing medical and dental books and periodicals. It is a most excellent collection of books. It is a reference library, and its books are used only in its reading rooms. THE DENTAL SCHOOL Admission and Instruction In teaching staff, requirements for admission, curriculum, equip- ment and facilities of every kind, Northwestern University Dental School complies fully with the rules of the Dental Educational Council of America for Class A Dental Schools. For statement relative to Students' Army Training Corps and the Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps see page 9. ADMISSION A candidate for admission to the Dental School for the year 1918-1919 may be accepted upon presentation of a diploma, or equiv- alent certificate, from an accredited high school or academy which re- quires for graduation not less than fifteen units of high school work obtained in a four year course beyond the eighth grade of the elemen- tary school. No conditions on the foregoing entrance requirement will be allowed. An accredited high school is defined as one which is ac- credited as a four year high school by the United States Bureau of Education, or by a University which is a member of the Association of American Universities, or by the State University of the State in which the high school is located. In the case of an applicant who is not a graduate from a high school or academy, as defined above, the full equivalent of such educa- tion in each individual case must be established by the Committee on Examinations, appointed by the Illinois State Superintendent of Public Instruction, and attested by him. The Committee on Exam- inations may issue a certificate upon presentation of credentials from schools attended, or upon the passing of written examinations given by the Committee, or both.* The credential covering the candidate's preliminary education must include not less than three Units in fEnglish, one unit in Algebra, one unit in Geometry, and one unit in Physics, Chemistry, or Biology. The remaining nine units may be made up of other subjects included in standard High School courses. A unit is a course of study requiring daily recitations on one *The Illinois law provides that this Committee on Examinations shall charge a fee of ten dollars for each person who presents for examination or for the evaluation of credentials. fForeigners from non-English speaking countries, who present more than four units of foreign language, and who can speak, read and write the English language, will be accepted as meeting the requirement in English. 16 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY topic for a full school year. No credit amounting to less than a half unit will be allowed toward the fifteen units required. This School will receive no student who is not present within ten days after the opening day of the session in each year, or in case of illness properly certified by the attending physician, within twenty days after the opening day. It is desirable that students should register early, since the order of assignment of seats in the lecture halls is based on the order of registration. The record of attend- ance is kept from the opening day, and students who may be admitted at a later day will lose their attendance credit for the intervening period. Undergraduate students are not received for special courses in dentistry. Students registering agree thereby to accept the discipline imposed by the Faculty. ADMISSION TO ADVANCED STANDING Students wishing credit for courses parallel to courses required in this School, should bring credentials for same, and should present their notebooks. No credit on the dental course will be allowed for high school chemistry, physics, botany, zoology, or biology. Students who present certificates from other Class A dental schools covering subjects required in this School, may be credited w^ith such studies if their preliminary education was such as would have admitted them to this School as Freshmen, and if the credentials are satisfactory to the Dean and to the professors in the respective depart- ments; but credits are not accepted unconditionally. The Faculty reserves the right to examine any applicant for advanced standing, if in its judgment that should be desirable. When admitted to the Senior class the candidate must do one full year's work in this School. Examinations for advanced standing and for the removal of con- ditions in the Dental course will begin on September 23, 1918 — one week before the course begins — and no make-up examinations will be given at a later time. A schedule of these examinations will be furnished upon request. COURSE FOR THE DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF DENTAL SURGERY The course covers four years. The year begins on the first Tuesday in October and closes on Commencement Day of the Uni- versity in June. There are not less than thirty-tVv^o weeks of actual instruction given, six days in each week. THE DENTAL SCHOOL POST-GRADUATE COURSE A postgraduate, or practitioner's course has been arranged which begins the first Mondaj^ in February of each year and continues through four full "weeks. A special announcement of this course will be found on page 47. MILITARY SERVICE COURSE A special course for those entering the Army or Navy Dental Corps is scheduled to begin on Feb. 3, 1919, and continue four weeks. A special announcement of this course will be found on page 49. See pages 57 to 61 for lists of those who took post-graduate and military service courses in 19 17-18. COMBINED COURSES Students who desire to obtain the Bachelor of Science and Doctor of Dental Surgery degrees may enroll on a combined Literary and Dental course, and thus shorten the required time for earning the two degrees from eight to seven years. This privilege is open to students who during their first three years have maintained a uniform record of good scholarship. A candidate for the degree of Bachelor of Science who has been a student in the College of Liberal Arts for at least one 5^ear may enroll upon the combined course. Schedule of Courses FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 Special Notice — Northwestern University has been selected by the Government for the establishment of one of the new Students' Army Training Corps. The Dental School will have its own officers and corps, and as the members of the corps will have ten hours a week of military training, some modification of the regular School schedule will be necessary. For announcement regarding the Students' Army Training Corps, see page 9. Beginning with the session of 191 5-16 the general plan of teach- ing was changed by the division of classes into small sections for recitation and laboratory periods, in order that the student might receive more thorough instruction and be brought into closer relations with the instructors. To accomplish this purpose, the building was remodeled to provide necessary additional rooms and laboratory facilities, and the teaching staflF was increased in every department. In the new four-year schedule, a general rearrangement of courses has been made by which better co-ordination and sequence of related 18 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY subjects has been obtained. Technical laboratory courses have been extended to better prepare students to undertake practical opera- tions in the clinic, and opportunity is also provided for increased clinical experience. Students are expected to take the courses in the order enumer- ated, but some deviation from this rule may be allowed in cases approved by the Faculty. The courses in the several departments are described under the department headings in subsequent pages. The order in which courses are to be taken is here indicated. Schedule FRESHMAN YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory *English 2 64 Physics I 3(1 Sem.) 32 48 Technical Drawing 3 (i Sem.) 48 Biology 2 (ist Sem.) 4 (ist Sem.) 32 64 Anatomy i (i Sem.) 6 (i Sem.) 16 96 Chemistry, Inorganic 2 4 64 128 Histology, General 2 (2d Sem.) 4 (2ci Sem.) 32 64 Dental Anatomy i (ist Sem.) 6 (ist Sem.) 16 96 Operative Technics i (2d Sem.) 6 (2d Sem.) 16 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 Mouth Hygiene i 16 10 29 320 928 — 1,248 *In 1919-20, two hours per week will be devoted to English during the second semester of the Sophomore year. SOPHOMORE YEAR Hours a week Hours a year Recitation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory Anatomy of Head and Neck i (i Sem.) 9 (i Sem.) 16 144 Histology, Dental i 3 32 96 Chemistry, Organic and Physiological i 3 32 96 Physiology 2 3(1 Sem.) 64 48 Bacteriology i 3 32 96 Comparative Dental Anat- omy I (i Sem.) 16 Operative Technics 2 6 (i Sem.) 64 96 Prosthetic Technics i 9 32 288 Clinical Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry 9 (2d Sem.) 144 9 3i>4 avr. 288 960 — 1,248 THE DExXTAL SCHOOL 19 ♦Histology, Dental Physiology Physical Diagnosis Pathology Materia Medica Dental Pathology Dental Radiography Mouth Hygiene ♦Comparative Dental Anat- omy Orthodontia Operative Dentistry Anesthesia Prosthetic Dentistry Surgical Anatomy groups.. Extraction Clinic Clinical Operative and Prosthetic Dentistrv .... JUNIOR YEAR Hours a week Hours a year dtation Laboratory Recitation Laboratory 3 32 32 96 I (i Sem.) i6 3 (i Sem.) 33 48 3 (I Sem.) 32 48 3 (I Sem.) 32 48 I (i Sem.) I (i Sem.) i6 16 I (i Sera.) i6 I (i Sem.) i6 I (i Sem.) 3 (8 Avks.) i6 64 24 I (i Sem.) i6 3 32 96 16 576 ♦After 1918-19, these course; 30 352 978—1,330 be given in the Sophomore year only. SENIOR YEAR Hours a week Recitation Laborator^' Dental Pathology 2 ♦Mouth Hygiene Jurisprudence and Ethics. . . Dental Economics ♦Dental Radiography iComp. Dental Anatomy... ♦Anesthesia Oral Surgery Operative Dentistry i Prosthetic Dentistry Orthodontia Special Clinics for Divisions of Class, in Extraction, Oral Surgery, Peridental Diseases, Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry Clinical Practice in Ortho- dontia, Operative and Prosthetic Dentistry (i Sem.) (% yr.) (Vs vr.) (Vs vr.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) (i Sem.) Hours citation a year Laboratory 64 16 32 16 16 32 48 32 32 / for each "I \ Division / 64 32 64 1,024 36 288 1,152—1,440 ♦After 1918-19 these courses will be given in the Junior year only. 4iAfter 1918-19, this course will be given in the Sophomore year only. 20 N O R 1^ H W E S T E R N UNIVERSITY Anatomy PROFESSOR VAN TUYL FRESHMAN YEAR a. ^ he cture-re citation — Osteology of the Entire Body — Twelve weeks, class divided into sections, each section one hour a week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, and Dr. Ryan. b. Lecture-recitation — Syndesmology and Myology — Four weeks, one hour a week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, and Dr. Ryan. c. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The upper and lower ex- tremities and the abdomen are dissected. One semester. Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods each week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. Ryan, and Assistants. SOPHOMORE YEAR d. Lecture-recitation — Angeology, Neurology, Organs of the Senses and Splanchnology — One semester, one hour a week. Profes- sor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown and Dr. Ryan. e. Laboratory — Human Dissections — The Head, Neck and Thorax. Surgical anatomy of the Head and Neck. One semester. Class divided into sections, each section three three-hour periods a week. Professor Van Tuyl, Professor Brown, Dr. Ryan, and Assist ants. Bacteriology SOPHOMORE YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Principles of Bacteriology — The prepara- tion of culture media; management of laboratory cultures; distin- guishing varieties of micro-organisms in laboratory cultures; physi- ology of micro-organisms; poisons produced by micro-organisms; diseases caused by micro-organisms, particularly those of the teeth and mouth ; susceptibility and immunity to diseases. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Willard, Dr. B. H. King, and Dr. Pierce. b. Laboratory — Preparation of culture media; planting and management of cultures; separation of species in mixed cultures; *For all lecture-recitation courses, lectures are given to the entire class, and the class is divided into sections of about thirty for recitations. As a rule, there are three recitation periods following each lecture. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 21 deriving pure cultures from infected animals; cultures from saliva, from mucous membranes, and from carious teeth ; staining, mounting, and microscopic studies; diagnosis of unknowns. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week throughout the year. Pro- fessor Willard and Dr. B. H. King. Biology PROFESSOR THOMAS FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the properties of living mat- ter; a few selected types of flowering plants and invertebrate animals. Organic evolution, studies of the development of animals, using eggs of fishes, amphibia and the chick. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Thomas. b. Laboratory — The course in the laboratory will parallel the lecture-recitation course, and will consist of demonstration experi- ments and studies by members of the class. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two-hour periods per w^eek. Professor Thomas and Mr. Fleck. Chemistry PROFESSOR GORDIN FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — First semester. Class divided in sections. Two hours a week. Profes- sor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. b. Laboratory — Illustrative experiments in General and Inor- ganic Chemistry. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section tw^o tw^o-hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, and Assistants. c. Lecture-recitation — General and Inorganic Chemistry — Sec- ond semester. Two hours a w^ek. Professor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. d. Laboratory — The metals and their compounds. Qualitative chemical analysis of unknown mixtures, particularly bases and alloys. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two- hour periods a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, and Assistants. 22 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SOPHOMORE YEAR e. Lecture-recitation — Organic Cheiiiistry — First semester, one hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. f. Lecture-recitation — Organic and Physiological Chemistry — Second semester, one hour a week. Professor Gordin and Mr. Kaplan. g. Laboratory — Quantitative chemical analysis of dental alloys, etc. Refining of gold, silver, and other metals. Laboratory study of cements and other filling materials. Assay of dental alloys for gold, silver, tin, platinum. Practical problems of dental chemistry. Illustrative experiments in Organic Chemistry. Analysis of saliva. Urine analysis. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Professor Gordin, Dr. Weeks, and Assistants. Comparative Dental Anatomy PROFESSOR BEBB SENIOR, JUNIOR AND SOPHOMORE YEARS* a. Lecture — Evolution — The meaning of similarity of structure; natural selection; changes in organs; correlation of growth between parts; principles of heredity and of fixity of species; tooth forms; definitions and descriptions of the varieties of forms; the typical mammalian dentation; classification of the animal kingdom, with concise descriptions of the typical characteristics of each. One semester. One lecture or recitation a week. Professor Bebb, b. Laboratory — Small groups in the Museum for study of speci- mens. Dental Economics DR. O. U. KING SENIOR YEAR a. Lecture — Dental Economics — This course embraces practice building, methods of obtaining and retaining patients, business rela- tions between the dentist and his patients, fees, accounts, records of operations, presentation and collection of accounts, methods of econ- omy in the conduct of an office. Ten weeks. One lecture a week. Dr. O. U. King. *After the year 1918-19, this course will be given to the Sophomore class only. THEDENTALSCHOOL 23 Dental Jurisprudence and Ethics PROFESSOR NOYES SENIOR YEAR a. Lecture — Ethics — Elementary principles of ethics; profes- sional ethics; state laws relating to dentistry; Illinois dental law; dental jurisprudence; general review. One lecture a week. Twelve weeks. Professor Noyes. English PROFESSOR DENTON FRESHMAN YEAR* a. Lecture-recitation — Composition and rhetoric. Study of the composition as a whole; the paragraph; the sentence; grammar and punctuation; themes. First semester, two hours a week. Professor Denton. b. Lecture-recitation — Types of literature; the drama; the essay; the novel. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor Denton. • Histology PROFESSOR THOMAS FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The construction and the use of the microscope. A study of cell structure and functions; the elementary tissues; histology of the organs; circulatory, lymphatic, alimentary tract, and accessory glands, respiratory system, urinary organs, and skin. Second semester, two hours a week. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. b. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of the lecture course. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section two two-hour periods a week. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. c. Recitations — During laboratory hours. *In 1919-20, two hours per week will be devoted to English during the second semester of the Sophomore year. 24 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY SOPHOMORE AND JUNIOR YEARS* d. Lecture-recitation — The Dental Tissues — Enamel; the peri- dental membranes; periosteum; bone; mucous membranes and other soft tissues of the mouth. One and two-thirds semesters. One hour a week. Professor Thomas and Assistants. e. Lecture-recitation — Embryology — One hour a week. One- third of a semester. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. f. Laboratory — A laboratory study of the subjects of lecture courses d and e. Class divided into sections, each section one three- hour period a week throughout the year. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. g. Recitations — During laboratory hours throughout the year. Materia Medica and Therapeutics DR. RYAN JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The sources and various forms of drugs; general and local action of drugs; agencies that modify the action of drugs; the art of prescribing medicines; a critical study of about one hundred drugs, classified according to their therapeutic and toxic action. Medication for dental purposes. One hour a week throughout the year. Dr. Ryan, Dr. Wach, and Dr. McClain. b. Laboratory — Study of the origin and preparation of various drugs; prescription writing; dispensing; reactions, antidotes for poisons, etc. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week during one semester. Dr. Ryan. Mouth H3^giene; Oral Prophylaxis PROFESSOR BLACK FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — This course will include a presentation of the general problems involved in disease of the oral cavity, with a discussion of means of prevention. The various methods of main- taining mouth cleanliness will be presented, and the technic will be given in detail. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. *After 1918-19, this course will be given to the Sophomore class only. THEDENTALSCHOOL 25 JUNIOR AND SENIOR YEARS* b. Lecture — Oral Prophylaxis and Mouth Hygiene — Preven- tive measures w^hich may be employed by both dentist and patient. Mouth hygiene technique. The relation between operative and pros- thetic procedures to the diseases of the soft tissues. Teaching of mouth hygiene technique in public schools, and dental service in public schools and eleemosynary institutions. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Black. Operative Dentistry and Dental Pathology professor black, professor gethro, professor willard, profes- sor morlan, professor blackwell, and dr. matteson Dental Anatomy, Operative Technics FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Descriptive Anatomy of the Human Teeth — Nomenclature. Studies of the maxilla and mandible, with especial attention to the surgical anatomy. First semester. One hour a week. Dr. Matteson. b. Laboratory — Studies of the forms of individual teeth; carv- ing the tooth forms in bone or ivory; dissections and studies of the internal parts — pulp chambers and root canals. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Matteson and Assistants. c. Lecture-recitation — Instruments and Instrumentation — A study of instrument forms, instrument construction, and the adapta- tion of instruments to the excavation of cavities. Cavity 'Nomen- clature — A study of the location of cavities in extracted teeth, of the forms of prepared cavities, and of the use of instruments in their preparation. Oral Prophylaxis — Studies of instruments and ma- nipulation. Second semester. One hour a week. Dr. Matteson. d. Laboratory — Study of instrument forms; a set of forty-eight excavators made to millimeter scale in brass ; preparation of cavities in extracted human teeth, ivory or bone. Second semester. Class divided into sections. Each section two three-hour periods a week. Dr. Matteson and Assistants. *After 1918-19, this course will be given to the Junior class only. 26 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Operative Dentistry SOPHOMORE YEAR e. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- tion and in Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity preparation by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, finishing fillings. Fill- ing with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Ex- posure and removal of the dental pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor Black- well and Dr. Matteson. f. Laboratory — Preparation of cavities and manipulation of the various filling materials. Pulp treatment and the filling of root canals. Instrumentation in oral prophylaxis and in the treatment of diseases of the peridental membrane. These operations are performed with extracted human teeth, placed in position in the jaws of man- ikins, the conditions being as nearly like those met with in actual practice as possible. First semester, two three-hour periods a week. Professor Blackwell, Dr. Matteson and Assistants. g. Operative Clinic — Open to Sophomore students nine hours a week during the second semester. Operations are required amount- ing to fifty points, in gold fillings, fifty points in gold inlays, fifty points in amalgam fillings and fifty points in treatments. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Morlan, Professor Blackwell and Assistants. JUNIOR YEAR* h. Lecture-recitation — Technical Procedures in Cavity Prepara- tion and Filling Teeth — Cavity nomenclature; cavity preparation; principles, instruments and appliances, and instrumentation; cavity preparation, by classes of cavities. Filling materials; instruments and instrumentation, physics of filling operations, and of finishing fillings. Filling with gold foil, gold inlays, amalgam, cements, gutta-percha. Exposure and removal of dental pulp. Preparation and filling of root canals. Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor Morlan, Dr. Printz, and Dr. Partridge. i. Operative Clinic — Open to Junior students eighteen hours a week during the entire year. Operations amounting to one hundred *In 1918-19, this course will be given to both Sophomore and Junior classes, thereafter to the Sophomore class only. The present Senior course will then be given to the Junior class. THE DENTAL SCHOOL points required in gold fillings, one hundred points in gold inlays and one hundred points in amalgam fillings. Credit points are given for fillings ranging from one to ten points. The location of the cavity, the operative difHculties encountered, and the excellence of the completed operation determine the amount of points earned in each case. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Morlan, Professor Blackwell, and Assistants. SENIOR YEAR* j. Lecture-recitation — Review of Technical Procedures in Fill- ing Teeth — The Hard Tissues of the Teeth — Studies of the dys- trophies of the enamel, of erosion, abrasion, and dental caries; caries of enamel ; caries of dentin ; inception and progress of dental caries ; conditions of the beginning of dental caries; systemic causes of dental caries; susceptibility from and immunity to dental caries; vital phe- nomena in dental caries ; hyperesthesia of dentin ; treatment of dental caries; curative eflFect of fillings; selection of filling materials. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith, and Dr. Gunter. k. Lecture-recitation — The -force used in mastication in relation to operative procedures; treatment of dental caries; management of cavities by classes; "extension for prevention" and its limitations; esthetic considerations; the deciduous teeth, their patholog}' and treatm.ent; the childhood period of the permanent teeth; manage- ment of patients. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Gethro, Dr. Smith and Dr. Gunter. 1. Lecture — Inlay Technique — Historical review of various methods of filling teeth; gold inlays; porcelain inlays; silicious cements, oxyphosphate cements. First semester. One hour a vv^eek. Professor Gethro. m. Operative Clinic — Open to Senior students daily through- out the year. Operations amounting to two hundred points are required in gold fillings, two hundred points in gold inlays and two hundred points in amalgam. Professor Black, Professor Gethro, Professor Alorlan, Professor Blackwell, and Assistants. n. Special Operative Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Gethro. *After 1918-19, the greater part of this course will be transferred to the Junior year, and the Senior course will be largely devoted to seminar work and thesis writing. 28 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Dental Pathology and TuERAiMiUTics JUNIOR YEAR 0. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- givae and Peridental Membrane and of the Dental Pulp — Review of the histological structures and physical functions of the tissues, their diseases and treatment. In this course especial attention will be given to the technical procedures and their application in the clinic. Radiographic studies of cases of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal fillings, form an important feature of this course. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last year. Oral prophylaxis and mouth hygiene — preventive measures which should be employed by dentist and patient — will be presented. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black. p. Laboratory — Histo-pathological Studies of the Teeth and Their Investing Tissues — The changes which occur in hard tissues in the various dystrophies — atrophy, mottled teeth, white enamel, etc. ; in dental caries, secondary dentin and excementosis ; also the changes in the pulp in inflammation and the various forms of calcification ; and in the peridental tissues in chronic alveolar abscess and chronic pericementitis. One period of three* hours a week during one semes- ter. Professors Black and Bower. q. Clinical Practice — Junior students are required to make one hundred points in practical treatments in the clinic. SENIOR YEAR* r. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment of the Gin- givae and Peridental Membrane — Review of histological structures and physical functions of tissues; historical review of diseases and treatment; studies of salivary calculus; gingivitis and pericementitis due to deposits of salivary calculus; gingivitis due to deposits of serumal calculus; gingivitis caused by injuries; chronic suppurative pericementitis; systemic effects of chronic infections of the mouth. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Black, Dr. Smothers, Dr. Lundquist, and Dr. Matteson. s. Lecture-recitation — Pathology and Treatment, of the Dental Pulp — Review of histological structure and functions; hyperemia and inflammation, obtunding sensitive dentin ; devitalization ; removal ; treatment of canals; root filling; asepsic technique; alveolar abscess; *Note: In 1918-19, a part of this Senior course will be given to the Junior class, and in 1919-20 the Senior course will be modified accordingly, a portion of the course being devoted to seminar work and thesis writing. THEDENTALSCHOOL 29 chronic osteitis; necrosis of bone; studies of antiseptics and their effect on the tissues; bleaching teeth. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Willard, Dr. B. H. King, Dr. Ebersold, and Dr. Scofield. t. Clinical Practice — In addition to the above courses, Senior students are required to make two hundred points in practical treat- ments in the clinic. Radiographic studies of peridental disease and apical infections, also of root canal fillings, will be an important part of the care of cases in the clinic. About 17,000 radiographs were taken for school patients last j^ear. u. Peridental Membrane Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Black. Oral Surgery PROFESSOR GILMER JUNIOR YEAR a. Surgical AnatoTJiy — In small groups, sixteen hours. Dr. Meyer. b. Extraction Clinic — Each section two hours a week for five weeks. Dr. Merrifield. c. Radiography — Lectures and practical instruction in radio- graphic room. Second semester. Two hours each week. Dr. Leach and Assistants. d. Lecture — Anesthetics — Historical review ; state of the patient ; nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental operations; circumstances of administration ; examination of patients ; general anesthetics, local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anesthesia; ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid ; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anes- thesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One hour a week. Professor Potts. e. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- esthesia — Dailv in the extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. Talbot. SENIOR YEAR f. Lecture-recitation — Surgical bacteriolog}^* inflammation; sup- puration ; wounds ; hemorrhage ; necrosis ; chronic osteitis ; disease of the maxillary sinus, resection of roots; tetanus; ankylosis; arthritis; facial neuralgia; fractures; dislocations; extraction of teeth; malposi- tion of third molars ; impacted teeth ; replantation, transplantation, and implantation of teeth ; cleft palate and harelip ; affections of the 30 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY lips, tongue, and mouth; tumors; odontomes; ranula; cysts; aneu- risms. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer, Dr. Meyer, Dr. Merrifield, and Dr. Talbot. g. Surgical Clinic — Two hours a week throughout the year. Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer and Assistants. Nurses from St. Luke's Hospital. The after-treatment of cases will be by students, under direction of Professor Gilmer. h. Special Surgical Clinic — Each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Meyer. i. Clinic in the Extraction of Teeth — Special extraction clinic for each section, one hour a week for five weeks. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. Talbot. j. Lecture"^' — Anesthetics — Historical review; state of the pa- tient; nature of operation; choice of anesthetic; prolonged dental operations; circumstances of administration; examination of patients; general anesthetics; local and regional anesthetics, dangers of anes- thesia; ether, chloroform, nitrous oxid; nitrous oxid and oxygen for anesthesia and analgesia; conductive anesthesia. One semester. One hour a week. Professor Potts. k. Clinical Administration of Anesthetics — Oral surgery clinic. Two hours a week. Professor Potts and Assistants. 1. Clinical Demonstrations of Nitrous Oxid and Novocain An- esthesia — Daily in extracting clinic. Dr. Merrifield and Dr. Talbot. m. Radiography — Eight lecturesf and daily clinical instruction. Dr. Leach and Assistants. Orthodontia PROFESSOR SELLERY JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — General Principles in Orthodontia — Tak- ing impressions and making models; fitting of appliances. Causes of malocclusion ; principles of treatment ; methods of retention. The •object of this course is to familiarize the student with the philosophy of the correction of malocclusion so that he may undertake practical cases at the earliest possible time. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery. *After 1918-19, this course will be given in the Junior year only. fAfter 1918-19, the lecture course in radiography will be given in the Junior year only. THE DENTAL SCHOOL b. Laboratory — Constructing and tempering taps and dies of steel; drawing wire and tubing suitable for the construction of or- thodontia appliances. Making of pinch bands, clamp bands and re- tainers; application of these to models on the manikin. First semester. Three hours a wTek for eight weeks. Dr. McClain. SENIOR YEAR c. Lecture-recitation — Occlusion and Facial Art — Etiology, classification, diagnosis of malocclusion. The alveolus and alveolar processes, the peridental membranes, and use of models. First semes- ter. One hour a week. • Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. d. Lecture-recitation — Regulating Appliances, Angle, Guilford, Knapp — Anchorages, jack screws, levers, traction screws, extension arch and combinations, split plates, reciprocal anchorages, retention. Illustrated with models, with movable teeth and enlarged appliances. Stereopticon views, illustrating progressive regulation and final fixa- tion. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. e. Clinic — Open to students throughout the year for the cor- rection of cases in practice. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley, and Dr. McClain. f. Orthodontia Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five weeks. Prc^fessor Sellery. Pathology, General PROFESSOR POTTS JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Etiology of Disease — Disorders of nutri- tion and metabolism; diabetes; fever; general circulatory disturb- ances; local hyperemia; local anemia; hemorrhage; embolism; infarc- tion; thrombosis; retrogressive processes; atrophy; infiltrations and degenerations ; necrosis ; inflammation ; progressive tissue changes ; neoplasms; infections; granulomata; bacteria, and diseases caused by them. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Potts, Dr. Bower and Dr. McClurg. b. Laboratory — Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Recitations during laboratory hours. Professor Potts and Dr. Bower. 32 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Physics MR. GURSLEE FRESHMAN YEAR This course in general physics is selected from the first year of college physics. As a preparation for it, the student should have a good understanding of high school physics. The first few weeks of the course will be devoted to selected problems in algebra and trigonometry. a. Lectwe-recitation — Kinematics, general properties of matter, special properties of matter, waves, sound, heat, magnetism, electricity, light, optical instruments. One hour a week throughout the year. Mr. Gurslee. b. Laboratory — Studies of the subjects covered in the lecture- recitation course. First semester. One three-hour period each week. Mr. Gurslee. PROBLEMS IN DENTAL PHYSICS A number of important problems in dental physics will be in- cluded in the courses in operative and prosthetic dentistry. These will include measurements of the force of the bite, the force required to chew various foods, tests of finger power, the force required to condense cohesive gold, the hardness of various filling materials, shrinkage and expansion of amalgams, shrinkage and expansion of plaster, the force used in closing flasks, etc. Physiology PROFESSOR WIGGIN SOPHOMORE YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — The structure of the elementary tissue; the chemical composition of the body; the blood; the circulation of the blood. First semester. Tw^o hours a w^eek. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. Renn. b. Lecture-recitation — Respiration — Secretion ; food digestion ; metabolism; nutrition and diet; animal heat; excretion; muscle; nerve physiology; production of voice. Second semester. Two hours a week. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. Renn. c. Laboratory — Studies of muscles, circulation and respiration. Class divided into sections, each section one three-hour period a week throughout one semester. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Matteson, and Assistants. THEDENTALSCHOOL 33 JUNIOR YEAR d. Lecture-recitation — The Central Nervous System — Brain; spinal cord ; reproductive organs ; development. One hour a week throughout the year. Professor Wiggin, Dr. Rovelstad, and Dr. Renn. Physical Diagnosis PROFESSOR WIGGIN JUNIOR YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Studies of the various parts of the body, technique, and general diagnosis. The pulse, chest, heart, valvular disease and other heart lesions. The lungs and pleural cavity. Dis- eases of stomach, pancreas, liver, intestines, spleen, kidneys. The bladder, rectal and genital organs. The blood, joints, nervous sys- tem. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Wiggin. b. Laboratory — Class divided into small sections, each section one hour a week during four w^eks. Professor Wiggin. Prosthetic Dentistry* PROFESSOR PROTHERO, PROFESSOR KENNEDY, PROFESSOR STOUT, AND DR. RIDGWAY FRESHMAN YEAR a. Lecture-recitation — Prosthetic Technics — This course covers the fundamental principles of denture construction and crown and bridge work, and accompanies the laboratory course. One semester. Dr. Ridgway. b. Laboratory — Impression taking, model constructing, occlud- ing, w^axing, flasking; packing, vulcanizing, and finishing partial and full artificial dentures. Construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal and porcelain ; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form bridges. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a WTek throughout the year. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. *In the courses in Prosthetic Dentistry scheduled for the several classes in 1918-19, there are certain duplications, necessitated by the changes made from the former three-year to the present four-year course. These duplica- tions will be eliminated as each class advances. In the Senior year of the four-year course, considerable time will be devoted to seminar work and thesis writing. 34 N O R 1^ H W K S T E R N UNIVERSITY SOPHOMORE YEAR c. Lecture-recitation — Metallography — A descriptive course on the nature and physical properties of metals, especially those used in dentistry, with fundamental principles of their uses; the manipu- lation of metals, swaging, annealing, solders and soldering, welding, tempering. First semester. One hour a week. Professor Stout and Dr. Ridgway. d. Laboratory — Construction of dies and counter dies; swaging metal bases of German silver; attaching teeth by soldering and by vulcanite; construction of crowns and dummies, all metal, and metal and porcelain; assembling individual crowns and dummies to form bridges. First semester. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a week. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. e. Lecture-recitation — The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials employed in prosthesis. Muscles of masti- cation; force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. Second semester. One hour a week. Professor Stout and Dr. Ridgway. f. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; con- struction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced work in crowns and bridges. Second semester. Class divided into sections, each section nine hours a week. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. JUNIOR YEAR g. Lecture-recitation — Review of technique principles outlined in previous courses; application to practical operations in the clinic. The physical properties of plaster of Paris and other materials em- ployed in prosthesis. Muscles of mastication; force of the bite; movements of the lower jaw; natural arrangement and occlusion of artificial teeth. One hour a week. Professor Prothero, Professor Stout, and Dr. Ridgway. h. Laboratory — Construction of full metal and partial metal base dentures, with teeth attached by soldering and by vulcanite; construction and application of clasps to partial dentures; advanced work in crowns and bridges. Class divided into sections, each section three hours a week. Professor Stout and Assistants. i. Prosthetic Clinic — Each student is required to carry to com- pletion for patients a number of practical cases, representing each of the various classes of prosthesis, amounting to at least one hundred and fifty points in crowns and bridges and one hundred and fifty THEDENTALSCHOOL 35 points in denture construction. Professor Prothero, Professor Ken- nedy, and Assistants. SENIOR YEAR j. Lecture-recitation — Summary of recent methods and appli- ances; application of porcelain in prosthesis; porcelain crowns; porce- lain bridges, full porcelain dentures; gold casting applied to crowns and bridges; removable bridges; repairs to crowns and bridges; review of anatomical occlusion ; cleft palate appliances, splints for fractures. One hour a week. Professor Kennedy and Dr. Sholes. k. Laboratory — Cast aluminum base dentures; celluloid den- tures; banded Logan crowns; baked porcelain crowns; porcelain bridges; continuous gum dentures. Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. 1. Prosthetic Clinic — Practical pieces of prosthetic work of all varieties made and fitted for patients in the clinic. The preparation of roots for crowns and the abutments of bridges; making and set- ting crowns and bridges. The minimum requirement is two hundred points in crowns and bridges and two hundred points in dentures. Professor Prothero, Professor Kennedy, and Assistants. m. Special Prosthetic Clinic — Each section one hour a week for five weeks. Professor Prothero. Technical Drawing FRESH iM AN YEAR a. Laboratory — This course is planned to give the student train- ing in drawing which will enable him to understand more readily and to portray more clearly the technical features of many problems presented in the dental course and in practice. Second semester. One three-hour period a week. Clinics The Operative, Prosthetic, Orthodontia, Extraction and Radio- graphic clinics are open to students' practice from 9 a.m. to 5 P.M. each week day during the school year, as well as during the summer vacation. There is at all times an abundant number of patients. It is intended that this clinical practice shall be as much like an actual dental practice as possible. The development of the ability to obtain and hold a practice, the observance of professional courtesy toward patients, so essential to success, is regarded equal in impor- tance to the development of manipulative ability. 36 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY General Statements REQUIREMENTS FOR A DEGREE The degree of Doctor of Dental Surgery is conferred upon stu- dents recommended therefor by the Faculty of the School. Candi- dates are recommended who have attended the required courses of lectures, who have passed satisfactorily all required examinations in the subjects of study; who have completed the required clinical and laboratory work; who in the judgment of the Faculty are of fit moral character and- are twenty-one years of age, and who have discharged in full all financial obligations to the University. HONORS A dental scholastic honor society, the Omicron Kappa Upsilon, was organized in 19 16, upon the initiative of Northwestern Univer- sity Dental School. Membership is awarded to students who throughout their dental course have met every requirement without condition or failure, and whose record of grades earned during their entire course gives them highest rank. Twelve per cent of the graduating class of each year can achieve the honor of such membership. Summer Clinics The clinic rooms will be open all the year for the benefit of students who may wish to gain greater experience in clinical practice under competent supervision. The number of demonstrators during the summer Avill be ample for the class that may choose to remain at the school. The clinical material is abundant, and an excellent opportunity is afforded for clinical practice. Clinical Material The value and adequacy of the clinical instruction and experi- ence in practice to students is inestimable. The extent of it can be best understood by an examination of the subjoined condensed tabular statement, extracted from the Examiner's report for the year 191 7, showing the number of persons applying for clinical service. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 37 1917 GENERAL SPECIAL TOTAL January 953 1,012 1,965 February 908 730 1,638 March 983 976 i,959 April 907 797 1,704 May 929 551 1,480 June 680 348 1,028 July 460 255 715 August 858 338 1,196 September 1,180 505 1,685 October 1,162 979 2,141 November 981 847 1,828 December 661 607 1,268 10,662 7,945 18,607 The special patients are assigned to such students of their ac- quaintance as they ask to have take care of their cases, while the general patients are assigned by the Examiner to such students as need the particular experience and practice that their cases involve. Many of these general patients have come to the school for a number of 3'ears and continue to come in the same manner as they would go to the office of a dental practitioner. The school has thus acquired a very large clinic, really large enough for the instruction of a fairly large class of students, but the students are encouraged to have their friends ask for their especial services, as a step in the direction of the teaching of practice building. The operations performed for these 18,607 patients during the year included the following: 8,832 gold fillings. 2,715 gold inlays. 8,881 amalgam fillings. 1,492 cement fillings. 537 pulps devitalized. 1,594 pulps removed — cocain. -733 dead pulps removed. 90 abscess treatments. 268 root canal treatments. 3,108 root fillings. 7,331 scalings, and peridental membrane treatments. 965 surgical treatments. 23,826 teeth extracted. 821 gas administrations. 6,296 local anesthetics. 71 orthodontia cases. 17,235 radiographs, mouth films 1,974 vulcanite dentures. 13 gold dentures. 13 aluminum dentures. 25 Watt's-metal dentures. 621 dentures repaired. 333 gold crowns. 382 Richmond crowns. 129 detachable pin crowns. 162 cast base crowns. 6 other crowns. 686 bridges. 795 crown or bridge repairs. 38 N O R 1 H W E S T E R N UNIVERSITY Text-Books Text-books and reference books will be on sale in the Library of the school at publishers' prices. There will be a small profit from the sale of these books, which will be used for the benefit of the library. Each student will be required to have the books designated below before participating in either recitation or laboratory exercises. Many reference books in the library may be used as needed. FRESHMAN YEAR A natoiny — Cunningham. Cunningham's Dissecting Manual, Vol. 1. Dental /inatoiny—lMack. Operative Dentistry — Black. Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. Inorganic Chemistry — Gordin. Exercises in Chemical Laboratory — McPherson & Henderson. Histology— \ia.\\ey C1914). College Zoology — Hegner. General Physics — Crew. Freshman English — Young. The English Familiar Essay — Bryan and Crane. Medical Dictionary — Stedman. SOPHOMORE YEAR Anatomy — Cunningham. (Same as Freshman year.) Cunningham's Dissector — Head, Neck and Thorax. Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) Histology — Bailey. (Same as Freshman year.) Dental Histology and Embryology — Noyes. Physiology — Howells. Chemistry, Organic— Gordin. Bacteriology — McNeal. Medical Dictiotiary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) JUNIOR YEAR Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) Dental Pathology- — Black. Physiology — Stewart. Materia Medica — Prinz. Pathology — Adami & McCrea. Dental Histology and Embryology — Noyes. Physical Diagnosis — Cabot. A nesthesia — Fischer. Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) SENIOR YEAR Operative Dentistry — Black. (Same as Freshman year.) Prosthetic Dentistry — Prothero. (Same as Freshman year.) Dental Pathology—Black. Oral Surgery — Blair. Orthodontia — Angle. Dental Ethics and Jurisprudence — Noyes. A nesthesia — Fischer. Medical Dictionary — Stedman. (Same as Freshman year.) THEDENTALSCHOOL 39 Instruments The instruments essential to the students in the several depart- ments of the school have been carefully studied and determined. Much care has been taken in the selection of the instrument sets that the variety of forms may be sufficient for the student's needs without being excessive. Close study of this subject and long, careful obser- vation of students and the progress they make in the attainment of manipulative skill show their progress to be closely related to their instrument equipment. Therefore this school must demand that the instrument sets required be obtained by each student as a condition to his continuance in school work. In operative dentistry it is found that a close adherence to the formula plan, in the study of cutting instruments particularly, is essential in teaching the important subject of cavity preparation, and this will be carried out critically in all the departments of the school. This teaching is begun in the technic classes and the same lines of instruction are followed progressively by teachers and demonstrators in all of the departments to the end of the Senior year, the same instrument sets being used throughout the course of study. In prosthetic dentistry and in the several laboratories a similar care as to instruments is maintained. The instruments in the list are required because they are essen- tial to the student's progress, and students must provide them. Students should not bring with the??!, nor purchase, instruments of other patterns, for they cannot be received as equivalents of the required sets. They are the same as those that have been required in former years. No student is required to make changes in his instru- ment sets during his four years' course, and these instruments form his instrument equipment for entering practice after graduation. Instruments and appliances are required to be of form and quality approved by the school. For the year 191 8-19 the School has arranged with several reliable Dental Supply Houses to furnish the required equipment for each class in sealed packages, and these packages will be delivered through a representative of this School. Each student is charged for the complete equipment of instruments, appliances and books, all of which will be delivered at the time of payment of tuition. 40 N O R T H W E S 1^ E R N UNIVERSITY Instruments Required in Freshman Year 918-19 All except those marked "Specials for Freshmen" are required throughout entire four year course. OPERATIVE OUTFIT 48 Cutting Instruments, the University Set. ACCESSORIES. 1 Explorer, No. 3. ) Hand Mallet, No. 5. i Arkansas Stone, 2x5x-)^ inches. 1 Bottle of Oil. 3 Boxes Tapered. Polishing Strips, coarse, medium and fine grits. 2 Broach Holders, metal handles. 1 Alcohol Lamp, with annealing tray. 1 Lowell Pin Vise. 1 Boley Millimeter Gauge. 1 Pocket Lens, two glasses.- SPECIALS FOR FRESHMEN. 1 Work Box. 1 Card Board arranged for tooth sections. 1 Card Board arranged for instruments. 1 Spool Black Silk. 12 Small Wood Blocks for mounting. 6 Ivory Carving Blocks. PROSTHETIC 1 Plaster Bowl, "B." 1 Plaster Spatula, No. 17. 1 each Impression Trays, Uppers Nos. 2, 22. 1 each Impression Trays, Lowers Nos. 3, 25. 1 Snow New Century Occluding Frame. 1 Snow's Face Bow. 3 Snow Bite Locks. 1 box Pink Wax. 1 Prothero's Wax Spatula. 1 iron Vulcanite Flask, large size. 1 Flask Wrench, No. 10. 1 Vulcanite File, D. E., half round, 8 inches. 4 Wilson Vulcanite Trimmers, Nos. 1, 2, 4 and 5 special (Kingsley blade). 1 Felt Cone, large blunt. 1 Felt Wheel, No. 2. 1 each Brush Wheels, Nos. 4, 20, 26. 2 Lathe Chucks. 1 Carborundum Wheel, l^^xVi inch, grit "B." 1 Carborundum Wheel, l^x^ inch, grit "D." 1 Crocker Lathe Arbor. 1 Mechanical Saw Frame. 1 dozen each Mechanical Saws, Nos. 00, 2. 1 pair Plate Shears, No. 1. 1 pair Flat-nosed Pliers, 4J^ inches. 1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 1 Hickory Stick, 4 in. long, ^x^, tapered to 3-16x^. 1 Horn Mallet. 1 Plate Punch No. 1. 1 Solder Tweezers, "A," 1 Solder Tweezers, "L." 1 pair Solder Pliers, long beaks. 1 Stick Black Sealing Wax. 1 Piece Brass Tubing for cleaning files, 3^x6 inches. 50 Pieces Brass Wire, 4>4 inches long, 13 gauge. 1 Instrument Roll. 1 Package Barbed Root Broaches, assorted. 1 Package Smooth Broaches. 1 Box Piano Wire, length 6 in., gauge 25. 1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in.. No. 1. 1 Grobet File, half round, 5 in., No. 3. 1 Straight Chisel 50. 1 Book Transparent Water Colors. 2 Camel's Hair Brushes, No. 1 and No. 7. 2 Carborundum Stones, Nos. 307, 310, coarse grit. 1 Revolving Head Engine Bur Holder. 1 Each Engine Burs — round, 12, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 3, 5, 7). inv. cone, 12, 14 mm. (Nos. 36, 37;. fissure, 16, 20 mm. (Nos. 60. 62). OUTFIT 1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 1 Compound Blow Pipe. I Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 1 Borax Slate. 1 Plate File, Grobet, half round, 5 inches, No. 3. 1 Gas Burner, No. 12, with spider. 18 inches Rubber Tubing, J4 inch. 54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5/16 inch. 1 spool Annealed Iron Wire, 36 gauge. ^2 lb. Special Asbestos. 1 Melotte's Mouldine Outfit. 3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 3 lbs. Counter- Die Metal. 1 set of (2) Casting Rings. 1 can Calcar or Moulding Sand. 5 dwts. Silver Solder. Vz lb. Modeling Composition. 3 sheets Sandpaper, No. 1. 4 sheets Red Rubber, 2 sheets Pink Rubber. 1 bottle Vaseline. 1 bottle Sandarac Varnish. 1 bottle Shellac V'arnish. 1 Shaker Talcum Powder. 1 box Crystal Borax. 4 inches Steel Wire, % inch diameter. 12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 1 piece Aluminum Plate, 16 gauge. 1 pair Improved Ivory Cleavers, large size metal handles. 1 pair Prothero's Files with metal handles. 1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 1 pair Improved Hawk-bill pliers. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 41 ANATOMY LABORATORY 1 Dissecting outfit. Each student is required to have an apron, and a white cap and gown. Sophomore Year All of these Instruments and Appliances are required in the Junior and Senior years also. OPERATIVE OUTFIT CUTTING INSTRUMENTS. 34 Instruments to complete the University Set of 48 Instruments. GOLD FILLING INSTRUMENTS. 1 Automatic Mailct. I each Plugger Points. 5-10- 3, Round. 7!/2-IO- 3, Round. 9-10- 3, Round. 5- 1- 0, Bayonet. 7H- 3- 0. Bayonet. lOx 5- 3- 3. Parallelogram. 5x10- 3- 3, Parallelogram. 12x 6- 6-10. ParalleloKram. 6x12- 6-10, Parallelogram. 20x 5- 2-18, Foot. I5x 5- 5-12, Foot. I5x 5- 3-18, Foot. 1 each Long Handle Pluggers. 5-1-23 Round. 5-2-23 Round. 1 pair Direct Stroke Quadrangle Foot Plug- gers. 3 Long Handles, No. 4 Automatic Thread. 1 Black's Holding Instrument. FINISHING INSTRUMENTS. 2 Finishing Knives, 12 and 18 angles. 4 Finishing Files, 6 and 94 angles. 1 Black's Saw Frame. 1 doz. Kaeber's Saws, one edge. 1 doz. Thread Saws. AMALGAM PLUGGERS. 35x15-7-12 15x35-7-12 35-7-12 25-7-12 15-7-12 10x30-7-12 30x10-7-12 SCALERS. "G. V. Black School Set of Scalers," 14 instruments, as follows: For Serumal Calculus. 1 pair of Peridental Explorers, 15-8-6, R. and L. 1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15, F. and B. (for- ward and backward curved blades). 1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-6, R. and L. 1 pair of Pull Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. 1 pair of Push Scalers, 15-8-12, R. and L. For Salivary Calculus. *This specially designed Instrument Case, constructed of steel, may be purchased for $15.00. If desired, the school will, at the end of the completed course, upon the return of the case in good condition, refund $7.00 to the purchaser. 1 pair of Pull Scalers, Nos. 33 and 34. 1 Cleoid Scaler, 25. 1 Sickle Scaler, 20. GOLD INLAY INSTRUMENTS. I Burnishing and Trimming Instrument. 1 pair R. and L. Trimming Knives. 1 Casting Ring, sprue and former (Tag- gart). 1 box Taggart Wax. ENGINE AND INSTRUMENTS. 1 Cord Driven Dental Engine. 1 Contra-angle Hand-piece. 1 each Round Sizes Burs Nos. 1 doz. each Invert- Sizes ed Cone Burs Nos. 2 each Fissure Sizes Burs, square end Nos. 1 each Fissure Sizes Burs, round end Nos. 1 each Finishing Sizes Burs, round Nos. 1 each Finishing Sizes Burs, oval Nos. 1 each Drills, Sizes bi-beveled Nos. Sizes of Burs are given in tenths of millimeters. 1 Porte Polisher, No. 307. 1 box Wood Polishing Points. 6 boxes Stiff Polishing Brushes. 2 Mandrels, No. 303. 1 Mandrel, Morgan-Maxfield. Burs for Contra-angle Hand-piece. 6 each Inverted Cone, 8, 10, 12 mm. 1 each Fissure, 10, 12, 16 mm. 1 Porte Polisher. 1 Mandrel, 303. 1 Morgan-Maxfield ■ Mandrel. 1 box each Emery Paper Disks, Vt inch, grits Nos. 00, 1. 1 box each Sand Paper Disks, §^ inch, grits Nos. 00, 1. 1 box each Cuttlefish Paper Disks, yi inch and H inch. 1 Wire Brush for cleaning broaches, all brass. ACCESSORIES. *1 "Northwestern" Instrument Case, new model, 1916-17. 1 Mouth Mirror, No. 3. 12 16 20 3 5 7 8 10 12 16 34 35 36 38 10 12 16 57 58 60 10 12 57 58 25 40 204 201 25 40 219 222 * 12 16 102 104 42 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY 1 pair "College" Cotton Pliers. 1 each Explorers, R. and L. No. 13, 14. 1 each Burnishers, 2, 26, 28. 1 pair Foil Carriers, No. 12. 1 Cement Spatula, No. 24. 1 Mixing Tablet, plate glass, 2x.Sx>4. 1 Mortar and Pestle, No. 5. 1 Root Canal Plugger, No. 35. J Root Canal Plugger, No. 36. 1 Box Gutta-Percha Root Canal Points, assorted. 1 Box Bibulous Paper Points. ] Sheet Steel for Matrices. 6 Perry Separators', A, B, C, D, E, F, with wrench. 1 Rubber Dam Punch. 1 Universal Rubber Dam Clamp Forceps. 1 pair Special Third-Molar Rubber Dam Clamps, right and left. 1 each Rubber Dam Clamps, Nos. 18, 26. 1 pair Rubber Dam Clamps for Roots. 1 Hatch Cervical Clamp. 1 Rubber Dam Holder. 2 Rubber Dam Weights. 1 Water Syringe, No. 22, special nozzle. 1 Chip Syringe, with valve in the back end. Nozzle same as 22. i Water Glass, not over 3 inch diameter, 1 Special bracket for water glass. 1 package orange wood sticks. 1 Grobet File, half round, 3-inch, No. 2. 1 pair Straight Scissors, 5-inch. 1 Opal Glass Tray, to hold six broaches. 6 Broach Holders, metal handles. (These in addition to two required in Fresh- man year.) 2 Bottles for used broaches, 3 inches long by }^ or ^ diameter outside. 1 Glass Slab for sterilizing broaches. 3 Opal Glass Medicine Dishes, l^xl^x^. 1 Bottle Alcohol, with pipette through cork. 3 boxes Pink Base-plate Gutta-percha. 50 pieces J4 inch square, 25 pieces }^ inch square, 25 pieces J^xl inch. 1 spool of Waxed Floss, 100 yards in special container. 1 package Absorbent Pellets, 3 sizes. 1 package Cotton Rolls, 2 sizes. 1 package Gauze. 1 package Absorbent Cotton, 1 oz. 1 Instrument Sterilizing Bag. PROSTHETIC OUTFIT* 1 pair Prothero's Contouring Pliers. 1 Hickory Stick, 4 in. long, H'^14, tapered to 3-16x^. ] Plate Punch No. 1. 1 Solder Tweezers, "A." 1 Solder Tweezers, "L." 1 pair Solder Pliers, long beaks. 1 Prothero's Plate Burnisher. 1 Compound Blow Pipe. 1 Asbestos Soldering Block, No. 2. 1 Borax vSlate. • 1 Plate File, Grobet, half round, 5 inches, No. 3. 54 inches Rubber Tubing, 5/16 inch. '/2 lb. Special Asbestos. 1 Melotte's Mouldine Outfit. 3 lbs. Babbitt Metal. 3 lbs. Counter-Die Metal. 1 set of (2) Casting Rings. ] can of Calcar or Moulding Sand. 5 dwts. Silver Solder. ] box Crystal Borax. 4 inches Steel Wire, }4 inch diameter. 12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge. 1 Wire Soldering Frame, 4x4 inches. 1 pair Pliers, No. 121. 1 piece of German Silver Plate, 22 gauge. 1 piece Aluminum Plate, 16 gauge. 1 pair Improved Ivory Cleavers, large size metal handles. 1 pair Prothero's Files with metal handles. 1 pair Crown and Collar Scissors, No. 11. 1 pair Improved Hawk-bill pliers. Junior Year These Instruments and Appliances, except those marked "Special for Juniors only," are required in the Senior year. SURGICAL CASE. 1 Leather Pocket Case. 1 Scalpel, IJ^-inch blade. 1 Bistory, 1^-inch blade. 1 Scalpel, ^-inch blade. 1 Keratome, 5/16x5/16 blade. 1 Currette, disk, 5/16 diameter. 1 Periosteotome. 1 Tenaculum. 1 Sharp Steel Probe. 1 Silver Probe. 1 Grooved Director. 1 Exploring Needle. 1 pair Tissue Forceps. 1 pair Artery Forceps, 4J4 inch. 1 pair Surgeon's Scissors, 4^ inch, straight PORCELAIN INSTRUMENTS. 1 pair "K" Pliers. 1 pair Ball Pliers. 4 Thompson Burnishers, Nos. 3, 4, 5 and 2 Camel's Hair Brushes. SPECIAL FOR JUNIORS ONLY. 1 Martin Screw Plate, holes Nos. to 12 series "B." 1 Draw Plate, special. Yz lb. German Silver Plate, 28 gauge. 12 inches German Silver Wire, 14 gauge. 12 inches German Silver Wire, 16 gauge 12 inches Stub's Steel Wire, 93-1000. 'All of these items are included in the Freshman Prosthetic outfit for 1918-19. THEDENTALSCHOOL 43 Fees and Expenses FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 Matriculation Fee $5-00 This fee is to be paid when a student first matriculates in any department of the Universit)^, and covers subsequent matriculations in the same or other departments. It is to be paid but once and is in no case returnable. Registration Deposit, each year $5.00 This deposit must be paid when names are enrolled for classes. It will be credited on the tuition fee for the current year. It is not returnable in case the student fails to attend. If the first matricula- tion of the student is in the Dental School, the matriculation fee will serve as a registration fee for that year, but the matriculation fee is not credited on the tuition fee. Tuition Fee J each year $200.00 This fee includes the registration deposit, but not the matricula- tion fee. It includes all laboratory fees for equipment, supplies, manuals and notebooks. Each student is provided with a locker for the protection of his private property. The student must furnish his own lock. Final Examination Fee, for Seniors $10.00 Time of Payment of Tuition — The tuition fee is payable at the beginning of the school year. It may be paid in two installments, $100.00 at the beginning of the first semester and $100.00 at the beginning of the second semester. If installments are not paid within ten days of the opening of the semester, $2.00 will be added, but in no case may payment be deferred more than thirty days. Payments should be made in currency or in Chicago exchange drawn to the order of Northwestern University. Out-of-town personal checks are not accepted. Refunds — No fees for tuition will be refunded except in cases of sickness. If on account of serious illness a student withdraws from the School before the end of the school year, a share of his tuition fee may be refunded, provided he secures from the Dean a statement of honorable standing, and from a physician a certificate that his health will not permit him to remain in attendance. No application for a refund will be considered unless made within thirty days after withdrawal from the School on account of sickness. 44 NORIHWESTEJ^N UNIVERSITY COST OF HOOKS AND EQUIPMENT The amounts given below are as nearly correct as can be de- termined in advance, owing to the changes which may occur in prices or in the selection of books, instruments and other equipment. As many of the books and almost all of the other equipment listed for each of the first three years are required in the succeeding years, the figures given apply only to those students entering this school as Freshmen. Students entering with advanced standing, or by transfer from other Dental Schools, will be required to purchase whatever may be necessary of the books and equipment listed for preceding years. For the year 191 8-19, the School will supply the books and equipment for the several classes. On account of the difficulty of securing equipment, orders were placed far in advance, so that stu- dents are assured of having everything necessary for the pursuit of their work. In order to reduce the cost of equipment as much as possible, the School will supply certain items, such as student operat- ing cases, etc., which the student will not need after graduation, upon a rental basis. The student should come prepared to purchase the complete outfit of books and instruments at the opening of school, in addition to at least the first semester tuition. ESTIMATE OF COST OF BOOKS AND EQUIPMENT FOR EACH CLASS FOR THE YEAR I918-I919 Freshman year, books as per required list, about $ 50.00 Instruments and other equipment, as per required list, about. . . . 125.00 $175.00 Sophomore year, books, about $ 20.00 Instruments and other equipment, about 240.00 $260.00 Junior year, books, about $ 20.00 Instruments and other equipment, about 80.00 $100.00 Senior year, books, about $ 25.00 THEDENTALSCHOOL 45 ESTIMATE OF TOTAL EXPENSES FOR FOUR-YEAR COURSE FOR FRESH- MEN ENTERING IN OCTOBER, I918, DUPLICATIONS IN ABOVE ESTIMATES BEING ELIMINATED Freshman year, matriculation, tuition, books and equipment $ 380.00 Sophomore year, tuition, books and equipment 375-oo Junior year, tuition, books and equipment ^ 250.00 Senior year, tuition, final examination fee, books and equipment. 235.00 TOTAL $1,240.00 This is an average of about $300.00 per year. The equipment includes practically everything required for a dentist's office, except dental chair and office furniture, so that while the expense for equip- ment in school is considerable, it should not be counted as a school expense, but rather as a part of the expense of office equipment. After the Sophomore year, the expense in addition to the tuition is small, so that the student is likely to be better prepared to meet the cost of office equipment at the time of graduation. UNIVERSITY NOT RESPONSIBLE FOR PERSONAL LOSSES The University is not responsible for the loss of any personal property belonging to any of the students in any building owned by the University, whether the loss occurs by theft, fire, or an unknown ^cause. CHARGE FOR BREAKAGE Students will be held responsible for unnecessary damage to or breakage of the apparatus, equipment, furniture or other property of the University. students' extra funds Students w^ho bring with them larger amounts of funds than their immediate requirements necessitate may deposit the same in the University business office, in the rotunda on first floor, and draw on this deposit from time to time as needed, under such regulations as may be prescribed. BOARD and room Rooms and board may be obtained at $6.00 to $9.00 a week. Rooms without board, furnished or unfurnished, may be had at $6.00 to $10.00 a month. 46 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY A department of the Y. M. C. A. is maintained in the Univer- sity Building, which looks especially to the students' interest in this direction. In case students are compelled to do some outside work to assist them while attending school, this department will also endeavor to secure such employment as the student may be able to do without detriment to his educational work. THE UNIVERSITY DORMITORIES The University dormitories are situated on the North Campus near the University Gymnasium, and within a five-minute walk to the Elevated trains with direct service to Chicago. Applications for the reservation of rooms should be made to the Secretary of the Dental School and should be accompanied by a deposit of $10. THEDENTALSCHOOL 47 Post-Graduate Course The annual post-graduate course will begin on February 3r(i, 1919, and continue four weeks. There will be two hours of lectures and six hours of laboratory courses, demonstrations or clinical work each day. A clinical operating room, and a laboratory for prosthetic work, porcelain and inlay work, entirely separate from those used by the regular students of the School, have been provided for post-grad- uate students, each of whom will have opportunity to do a specified amount of work in the laboratories and of operating in the clinic under direction of the instructors in charge of the various courses. Complete outfits of instruments, tools, and materials will be supplied by the School. In this course especial attention will be given to the following subjects: Oral Surgery — Acute infections of the mouth and their treatment : infections of the maxillary sinuses; fractures of the maxillary bones; tumors of the mouth; resection of roots, removal of impacted teeth, etc. Lectures and clinics. Professor Gilmer, Professor Potts, Dr. Meyer and Assistants. Diseases of the Peridental Membrane — Chronic suppurative peri- cementitis and its treatment; focal mouth infections in relation to systemic disease. Work of the past few years in the Research De- partment of the School in the study of the patholog}' of the investing tissues of the teeth the basis for rational treatment; a thorough and practical system of examination and determination of plans of manage- ment of cases; methods of treatment radically different from those commonly employed ; methods of prevention of the diseases of the peridental membrane will be presented. Professor Black, Dr. Hatton, Dr. Merrifield and Assistants. Technic of Pulp and Root Canal Treatment — Recently gathered statistics show that a very small percentage of abscesses occur m cases in which good root fillings are made, and that abscesses occur in about 65 per cent of cases in which root fillings are not well made. It is therefore the duty of ever}^ dentist to bring his root canal technic up to the highest degree of efficiency. The technic presented in this course is thorough and definitely systematized. Those taking the course will have ample opportunity to gain practical experience in the special clinic, and all operations will be checked with radiographs. Professor Gethro, Dr. Lundquist and Assistants. 48 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Operative Dentistry — Cavity preparation, technic for j^old fill- ings, gold inlays, amalgam fillings. The principles of scientific cavity preparation w^ill be discussed, and stress will be placed on the im- portance of thoroughly systematic procedures by each operator in order to get practical results in daily practice. Many of the finer details will be brought out in the operations in the post-graduate clinic. Professor Blackwell, Dr. Matteson and Assistants. Prosthetic Dentistry — Porcelain jacket crowns, baked porcelain crowns, fixed and removable bridge-work, along most modern lines to conserve the pulps of teeth and prevent inflammations of the gingivae, and the construction of artificial dentures to secure anatomi- cal occlusion will receive most attention in this course. Each member of the class will have opportunity to carry out work in the laboratory and to construct practical cases for patients. Professor Prothero, Dr. Stout, Dr. Ridgway and Assistants. Orthodontia — Many cases of orthodontia are in progress in the School clinic at all times and these will be presented before the class each Saturday for discussion. A considerable number of these patients have appointments on Tuesdays and Thursdays, so that those who desire will have ample opportunity to study them. Lectures will also be given throughout the course. Professor Sellery, Dr. Buckley and Dr. McClain. Anesthesia and Extraction of Teeth — This course will consist of a series of lectures and demonstrations on the administration of nitrous oxid and oxygen and the use of novocain. Demonstrations will be given in connection with the oral surgery clinics and daily in the extraction clinic. Those taking the course will have ample oppor- tunity for practical experience, both in the uses of these methods of anesthesia and in the extraction of teeth. The extraction clinic is busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Nearly 24,000 teeth were ex- tracted during the year 191 7. Dr. Hatton, Dr. Merrifield, and Dr. Talbot. Dental Radiography — This course will consist of practical dem- onstrations in taking radiographs and in reading them. Thousands of films are mounted for study before illuminating boxes. This de- partment is busy from 9 a. m. to 5 p. m. daily. Over 17,000 mouth films were made during the year 191 7. Dr. Westaby and Assistants. Dental Histology — A combined lecture and laboratory course in the study of those features of dental histology which are of the most practical value in the study of diseases of the peridental membrane and in operative dentistry. Professor Thomas and Professor Skillen. THEDENTALSCHOOL 49 Clinical Experience — The clinical material available Is prac- tically unlimited, and each practitioner taking the course will be supplied with patients for practical cases. A special operating room is fully equipped for the exclusive use of those taking the course. POST-GRADUATE COURSE FEES Matriculation fee $ 5.00 Tuition 100.00 Of this tuition fee, ten dollars is set aside for the Dental Re- search Fund of the School. The above fees cover the entire cost of the course; all necessary Instruments, equipment, materials, etc., are furnished without additional charge. The tuition Is the same, whether one desires to take all or only a part of the course. Those wishing to omit certain subjects will have opportunity to put extra time on others. Military Service Course If the war shall not have come to an end, a Military Service Course will be given, beginning February 3rd, 1919, and continuing four weeks, for those who may contemplate entering the Army or Navy Dental Corps, or who hold commissions, but have not been called to active duty. The object of this course Is to better prepare dentists for military service, especially In those features In which the dentist may be of assistance to the general or oral surgeon In the care of Injuries of the jaws, face and neck. The need for men WMth this special training is likely to be very great. A similar course was given In Februar}^ 1 91 8, and proved to be of material value to those who attended. During the past school year, Northwestern University Dental School conducted two four-weeks courses for officers assigned from the Plastic and Oral Surgery Division of the U. S. Army, by direction of the Surgeon General. The military service course, here scheduled, will duplicate the official army courses as closely as possible. This course will consist of two hours of lectures, and four to six hours of laboratory courses, demonstrations or hospital clinics each day. All Instruments, equipment and materials for the several labo- ratory courses will be provided by the School. The schedule will Include the following: Anatomy — Dissection of the head and neck by members of the class 50 hours 50 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Surgical Anatomy and Operative Surgery — Lectures and demonstrations on the cadaver; surgical anatomy of the face, mouth and jaws; ligation of the vessels of the neck; plastic surgery of the face, jaws and neck; plastics on skin and scars, suturing, transplantation of fat; bone and cartilage transplantation, nose and jaws 24 hours Infections and Inflanunations — Focal infections in general; chronic focal infections of mouth and jaws, acute infec- tions of mouth, face and neck; bacteriology of mouth and jaw infections, gas gangrene, tetanus, etc 10 hours Gun Shot Injuries and Infections — Treatment of open wounds; the various solutions; immediate closing of wounds; blood transfusion; foreign bodies in the pharynx, trachea, oesophagus 10 hours F?-actures and Dislocations of the Jaws — Causes and study of the anatomy of the parts; displacements; various methods of treatment; prevention of deformities; pros- thetic restorations of nose and mouth parts; construction of various forms of splints by members of the class. . . .30 hours Anesthesia — Lectures and demonstrations of both local and general anesthesia 5 hours Roentgenology — Lectures and demonstrations 4 hours Extraction of Teeth — Practical experience in extraction of teeth under both local and general anesthesia, by mem- bers of the class, time set aside for each 2 hours Surgical clinics at Cook County, St. Luke's, Presbyterian, Wesley, Augustana, St. Joseph's, North Chicago Hos- pitals 40 hours MILITARY SERVICE COURSE FEES Matriculation fee $ 5.00 Tuition 100.00 Tuition, for dentists holding commissions in the army or navy, but not on active duty 60,00 Of the tuition fee, ten dollars is set aside for the Dental Research Fund of the School. The above fees cover the entire cost of the course; all necessary instruments, equipment, materials, etc., are fur- nished without additional charge. For further information, address Northwestern University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. THE DENTAL SCHOOL 51 Register of Students, 1917-1918 SENIORS Ackemann, William Herman. Illinois Acker, Kemp Girard. .Pennsylvania Aiken, George Harvey Illinois Allen, Paul Emil Illinois Baghdikian, Yeghia Boghos. Armenia Bailey, Allyn Collins Iowa Barker, Harry P Canada Bignell, Kenneth Alfred. .Wisconsin Black, Hugh Edwin Texas Borg, Fritz Herman Illinois Bosma, Kathryn Bernice Iowa Bowe, Clyde Carson. .. South Dakota Boyland, Charles Robert. .. .Indiana Brasmer, William Otto Illinois *Bresee, Thomas Frederick. Montana Burk, Robert Rex Illinois Burman, Frank Phillip Illinois Cann, Ivan Cyril Minnesota Carmichael, Mary F California Carpenter, George Sherburne. .Mich. Cartwright, Glenn Edon Ohio Chang, Sau Yee Hawaii Coe, Harold Wesley Illinois Collings, William Joseph. .Montana Cooke, Ray S Wisconsin Cramer, Myron F Minnesota Creuzot, Percy Pennington. Louisiana Cuolahan, Paul Begoe. .. .Wisconsin Currier, Clark Payne Illinois Dahnke, Emil K Nebraska Dalgleish, Rolland Chester .... Utah Davy, Reuben Roy Illinois Deighton, Herbert Harper Utah Deindoerfer, Charles Robert. . . .Ohio Devery, Wilbert Francis. .. .Illinois *Drehmel, William Lloyd .Minnesota Eberlein, Clarence Albert. Minnesota Edgren, Reuben Henry ... .Michigan Elfenbaum, Arthur Illinois Erdahl, Henry A Minnesota Fair, Ralph James Michigan Fauerbach, Frederick William. .Wis. Ferguson, Cecil O.... North Dakota Fifield, Hugo Harrison Indiana *Fischer, Ferdinand George. Illinois Fisher. Wilson Keltv Illinois Fjelstad, Olin Calmar. . . .Wisconsin Fluent, Stanley H Iowa Foley, Claude James Canada Fortnev, Almon Daniel. . . .Wisconsin Fonts, Willard H Illinois Freud, Sidney Barker Illinois Fried, Irwin Robert Illinois Frink, Lila M South Dakota Gates, Orie John Wisconsin Gillis, Joseph Eugene. .. .Wisconsin Godowsky, Ulysses Gilbert. .Illinois Goodwin, Boyd Cooper. .. .Arkansas Graffin, Lester Paul Illinois Gurslee, Christian Bernard. . .Minn. Gutman, Morris Harold. .. .Georgia Halverson, Arnold Eugene. Wisconsin Hamm, Wayne Lee Illinois Hay, Edward L Indiana Heisler, John C Missouri Hellebo, Lloyd Frithiof . . .Wisconsin Henderson, Robert Ray Illinois Hibbe, Harper Jerome Illinois *Hinman, Donald McLennan. Illinois Hoerner, Harry John Illinois Hoffman, Oscar H.... North Dakota Holtzman, Clarence Weldon. Illinois Holz, Carl William Illinois Hopkins, Joseph Anthony ... .Illinois Hurlstone, Frank James Illinois Huscher, Fred George Illinois Hutson, Philip . . . : Wisconsin Jacobson, Irvin LeRoy. .. .Minnesota Jaeger, Mrs. Bessie Illinois Johannes, Gustav Charles. . .Illinois Johnson, Gustave E Illinois Johnson, Howard Morton.. So. Dak. Johnson, Max Magnus.. .Washington Johnson, William Joseph... So. Dak. Johnsten, John J Arkansas Jonas, Arthur Montana Jones, David Arthur Utah Jones, William Walter Illinois Kaffie, Malcolm Ellis Louisiana *Kelly, John W Iowa Kendrick, Kenneth Kernan .Missouri King, James Wilfred Oregon ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 52 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Kozlou, Edward Micliigan Kuhre, Martin G Utah Kulvinsky, Abraham Illinois Lindsey, Charles Frank. .. .Missouri Lippert, Jacob Leopold Illinois Livingston, George Bernard. Illinois Lockwood, Hillyard Hanna. .Canada Lowum, Franziska Leistad. .Norway *Lyons, William J,, Jr Illinois Maggid, Nathan Mayer Illinois Mann, Harry South Dakota Mazur, Florence Marquisette. Illinois McAnlis, John Albert Kansas McGruer, Earl North Dakota McGruer, John James. North Dakota Mcintosh, Robert Oregon McLean, Harold Peter British West Indies McNulty, Cletus Joseph Illinois Mead, Silas Frank. .. .South Dakota Meyer, John H Minnesota Miles, Colton Benjamin Canada Miller, Jerome Jacob. . . .New York Mitchell, James Herbert Canada Moen, Norris Wisconsin Moen, Obed Wisconsin Montgomery, Earl Livingston. Illinois Montgomery, Edgar Morse. . .Illinois Moran, John Joseph Illinois Morison, William P Canada Moulton, Oscar- Blair Illinois Myers, Benjamin Illinois Nelson, Edwan Christian. .Wisconsin Newell, Andrew Jackson N. D. Norgren, Carl Hjalmar Illinois Oakland, Irwin Sylvester S. D. O'Connor, Edward Thomas. . .Minn. *0'Connor, Urban P. . . .Washington Oliver, Henry Australia Olshan, James Harold Illinois O'Rourke, Melrose Bernard. . .Minn. Oveson, Iver Anton Illinois Palmer, Earl South Dakota Pastoret, Al L North Dakota Payne, Charles William. . . .Montana Peicarske, Albert Alfred. .Wisconsin Peterson, Edwin Carl ... .Wisconsin Pool, Donald Arthur. . South Dakota Post, Robert Maxon Wisconsin Poundstone, Leon Harmon. Oklahoma Poyer, Walter Thomas Illinois Qualey, George R Wisconsin Quilling, Devan W Wisconsin Quinn, Emmett Martin Illinois Rader, Frank James Indiana Ralstin, Henry William Kansas Randall, George Truman . .Nebraska Rasmussen, William Louis. Wisconsin Ray, Herbert Scott Illinois Recob, Clifford Floyd Wisconsin *Reed, George Shannon Texas Reid, Melville North Dakota Reinardy, Charles J Wisconsin Roberts, Arthur Llewellyn. . .Illinois Robinson, H. Parry Illinois Robison, Clifford LeClair. .. .Illinois Rooks, William Duffield Canada Root, Byron Lee Illinois Rosenblatt, James Samuel. .. Illinois Rowland, LeRoy Thomas. .. .Illinois Rushing, John Shelton Arkansas Sargeant, George Weld Iowa Sceerey, Aubrey Edward. . . .Indiana Schlampp, John Waldo Iowa Schueller, Leo V South Dakota Schuman, Morris Charles Ohio Schwab, William August. .. .Illinois Scott, Clark Baron Ohio Scott, Otho E South Dakota Seeglitz, Albert Henry Illinois *6herman, James Frank S, D. Sievert, Otto Herman A.. Wisconsin *Smith, Charles Leroy Illinois Smith, Harry Edwin Indiana *Snoeberger, Paul Alfred. . .Indiana Spensley, Vincent Homer Iowa Steffy, Guy George Illinois *Stephenson, Arthur Warren.. S. D. Storberg, Carl Gustav. .. .Minnesota Sugrue, John Joseph Illinois Sweeney, Raymond Joseph. . . .Wash. Thomas, Constantine J Illinois Thompson, Oscar Iver. . . .Minnesota Thomson, James Herbert N. D. Toppel, Isadore Illinois Tylman, Stanley Daniel Illinois Ulrich, Jesse L Indiana Umbach, Myron Joseph Illinois Varker, Ray Lee Wisconsin Vickers, Harvey H Wisconsin *Matriculated but not in attendance. l^HE DENTAL SCHOOL 53 Von Ruden, Herman Anton ... .Wis. Wadleigh, Gerald Eugene. Wisconsin Waggoner, Parke Hammer. .Illinois Warburton, William Leslie. ... Utah Watters, Hugh William Illinois Wedell, Harold Godfrey. .. .Illinois Wehrheim, Lawrence Alexander. 111. Welch, Charles Haig Indiana Wells, Charles Raymond. .. Vermont Westaby, Henry P South Dakota Westby, Peter M South Dakota Westerdahl, Frank Robbin. Minnesota Wilhermsdorfer, Jerome Illinois Wilke, Herbert Fred Wisconsin Wills, Ellis L Wisconsin Wineburgh, Samuel New York Wishner, Max Illinois Wollmann, Andreas Arnold... S. D. Wood, William Utah Young, Donald Rodolfo. .. .Panama Zane, Kin Chow Honolulu Zeis, Andrew W Minnesota JUNIORS Adams, Charles Henry Illinois Akin, Hamilton Lee Illinois *Allan, Frederick Ralph. .Wisconsin Allen, Donald Messenger . .Michigan Amidon, Sherwood Delos. .Missouri Ammons, W. Vetis Kansas Anderson, Orvel Utah Anshutz, W^ade Bush Indiana Applebaum, Albert Illinois Auerbach, Bernard Illinois *Austin, Paul Mills Ohio Bakowen, Goodwin Illinois Ball, Frank, Jr Iowa Ball, Walter Carlyle Illinois Bantle, Leo P Minnesota tBayne, Walter Leon Illinois Beai, Nelson Utah Beck, Walter Roy Indiana Berndt, Arthur Walter Illinois Berg, Gordon Gustaf Illinois Berry, Henry William Illinois Berry, Joseph Orion Illinois Bishop, Evard Allen Montana Blumenschein, John Peter ... .Wash. Bollinger, Clarence Floyd S. D. Bowden, Paul Herbert Montana Boyden, Carl H.. South Dakota *Brady, Harold James. .. .Wisconsin Brahy, Nicholas Richard. .. .Illinois Brom.berg, Samuel Illinois Brown, William Henry. . .Wisconsin Butler, P. M Illinois Cabeen, Milo Howard Illinois Caradine, Winford Hugh. Wisconsin Cardio, Frank E Iowa Carroll, William H Minnesota Cassutt, Lewis B Iowa Chapin, Walter Coolidge. .. .Illinois Chlavin, David Norman. .. .Illinois Cigrand, Elroy Franklin Illinois Cochran, Dayton Iowa Corbett, Marion Leroy Utah Culbertson, Harry Montana Curley, Harold Clifford. .Minnesota Dalitsch, Walter William. . .Illinois *Davis, DeWitt Clinton Iowa Davis, Harry Glennis Indiana De Ano, Rocco James Illinois Dietrich, M. Chan-Don Iowa ^Dix, Ray McKinley Illinois Dodge, Watson Arthur Kansas Driscoll, Roe Indiana Eastwold, Conrad Engvold. . .Minn. Eberhart, John Henry Montana Elliott, Nels Manley Illinois Evans, Ralph Howard Illinois Farrell, Joseph Leonard. .. .Indiana Farrell, Neil Charles. .North Dakota Fein, Louis Julius Indiana *Fey, Lawrence Christopher. .Texas Finnegan, William Henry. . .Illinois Fisher, Lloyd Ellsworth S. D. Fisher, Winfield Stitt Illinois Frakes, Wayne Kelly Indiana Francisco, Winn O Minnesota Gardner, Alfred Canada Gilbert, Erwin Alvin Minnesota Gilruth, William Archibald.. Illinois Gindich, Raymond Hyman. . .Illinois Gleave, John Ernest Utah Goering, Ray Frank Minnesota Gondon, William Al Indiana *Matriculated but not in attendance. fTaking four-year course. 54 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Gorecki, Victor Thaddeus. . .Illinois Graber, Benjamin Gilbert S, D. Grandson, Clarence Maurice. .N. D. Greenberg, Alexander Illinois Greenwood, Vern Raleigh Utah Greer, Charles Alexander. Tennessee Halmhuber, Alvin Philip. .Michigan *Halushka, Alexander Illinois Haney, Mark H Minnesota Hanson, John Walter. North Dakota Harrington, William J Iowa Harris, Abraham Harry Illinois Harris, Stanley Allen Minnesota Hebard, Harry D Nebraska Hedeen, George Herbert. .Minnesota Hendricks, Jules, Jr. . . .South Dakota Henningson, Harry. ... South Dakota Hessling, Harold West Illinois Heyboer, Gabriel J Illinois Highfield, John Fee Illinois Hoge, Dale H Illinois Hoiberg, Lilly Charlotte. .. .Norway Holmes, Edwin Emery. North Dakota Howell, Frank William Illinois Hughes, Eugene George N. D. Huscher, Earl William Utah Hvland, Lester Ancel Oregon Irle, Willard W Wisconsin Israel, Samuel Herman Pa. Jackman, Charles Thomas.... N. D. Jackson, Ralph Taylor Iowa Jacobs, Frank Clair Minnesota Jacobson, Julius Illinois Jeffery, Alex Wiseman C....Wash. Jensen, Ernell Utah Johnson, Alvin L Minnesota *Johnson, Carroll William. . .Illinois Jorgenson, James Morine Utah Kahn, Edward Minnesota *Kamins, Harry Hirsh Illinois Kaplan, William Illinois Kasputis, Casimier Russia Keefer, Leonard Allen Illinois Kendall, Charles Henri. . .Wisconsin Kerwin, Joseph Francis Illinois Kliauga, Charles Lithuania Knopp, Thomas Bryan Texas Kroner, Frederick Louis Illinois Kurtz, Theodore Brockhause.Illinois *Matriculated but not in attendance. Lamb, Curtis Anthony Utah Lambert, Earl Waddell Utah La Pres, Lloyd Marion Illinois Larson, Chester A South Dakota Larson, Otto Hans Illinois Leach, Russell Vivian Canada Lee, Arthur Lawrence. South Dakota Levin, Max Julien Washington Lindberg, Arthur Wisconsin Lindberg, Hjalmer Illinois Linde, Arthur Sigfrid Illinois Lipecki, John Richard Illinois Love, McClaren Eugene. .Minnesota Ludwig, William Raymond. .Indiana Lunak, Milo Ralph Iowa Lyga, Paul A Wisconsin Macey, Harry Paul Minnesota Mackey, Austin J Texas *Maier, Earl S Ohio *Maier, Paul L Ohio Mann, Philip Illinois Manevich, Morris Canada *Manz, John Robert Indiana Martin, Eric Illinois Matthew, Jules Michigan Maxson, Noel Miller Illinois McCrary, Lloyd Jennings. Wisconsin McKnight, Frank W Michigan Meigs, Arthur Chapman Iowa Meyer, Henry Donald Illinois Milstein, Jacob North Dakota Morgan, William B Wisconsin Motz, Charles William Illinois Nance, Hays Neely Arizona *Nelson, Arthur C Michigan Nelson, Earl O Iowa Neyman, Louis Montana Nichols, Cornelius Vigo Illinois Norman, Arthur John Illinois Nystrom, Egnar W Illinois Oberdorfer, Edward Nicholas. Mich, O'Brien, Vincent Walter N. D. O'Connor, Thomas Wolftone.Indiana O'Keefe, John Norbert. North Dakota *Ostrovsky, Benjamin Seelig. Illinois Oynes, Nels Illinois Patterson, Earl Mead Ohio Penberthy, Charles William. . . .Wis. *Peters, John H Washington Peterson, Raymond E Minnesota THE DENTAL SCHOOL 55 Pickett, John T California Populorum, Paul Francis. .. .Illinois Quinn, Earl Sylvester Indiana Quinn, Herbert Joseph Utah Rees, Frank Joshuay Utah Robbins, Charles Bowser. .. .Indiana •Robertson, Roemer Gilliam.Canada Rominger, Cornelius Augustus. . .111. Rosenstein, Samuel Joseph. . .Illinois Rosenthal, Herman J Illinois Rosheim, Knut Iver Iowa Rouleau, Francis Albert. . .Montana Ryan, Emmett Joseph Iowa Scherman, Fred Charles Illinois Seidenberg, Alfred H. .. .Wisconsin Silberhorn, Otto Werner. .. .Illinois Simons, Charles Lee Illinois ♦Simonson, Edmund Godfrey. .Minn. Slagerman, Sidney Lions N. D. Slingsby, Ira W N. D. ♦Small, George Floyd Iowa Smith, Howard Julian Iowa Smith, John William. . North Dakota Smith, Stanley J Illinois Snyder, Hugh C Indiana Sprecher, Arthur South Dakota Starksen, Arthur Francis S. D. Starshak, Tom Cyril Illinois Steinhart, George Thomas. . .Illinois Stocking, Bruce Leffingwell. Michigan Styrt, Nathan Abraham Illinois Sullivan, William H Wisconsin Swaisgood, Forest Leroy Ohio Swank, Clyde Hubert Illinois Swanson, Helge Montana Swartz, Roscoe Edward Ohio Tanner, Arthur Canada *Tillson, Frank C Montana Ting, Joseph Yau. . .Wailuke, Mani. Toline, Clarence Axel Illinois *Tschumperlin, Ray M. . .Minnesota *Tucker, Warren Samuel . .Louisiana Underwood, Percy Bertram. .Illinois Vanoucek, Harry L Illinois Viezens, Harry Leo .Illinois Viken, Louis Oliver Wisconsin Voigt, John G Illinois Voss, Charles, Jr Illinois Waalkes, Harry Egbert Illinois Wagener, Holt Alden Illinois Walker, Chester Kenneth S. D. Walstrom, Lloyd Winship. . . .N. D. Watson, William Francis. .. .Illinois Watson, John Alexander. .. .Illinois Weber, Roland Arthur .. .Wisconsin Webster, James Beam Illinois Wedeberg, Carl Oscar. North Dakota Weidner, Hubert Pancratius. Illinois Wells, Arthur James Virginia Winnick, Solly Lenord. . . .Minnesota Wold, Earl Norton Iowa WoUmann, Michael J. .South Dakota Woodw^ard, George Foster. . .Illinois Wylie, William Leroy Idaho Zeiss, Philip Edward Illinois Zimmerman, Albert M Illinois SOPHOMORES Barker, Graham Frank. .. .Michigan *Beard, Guy Edward Illinois Buttner, Olga Ruth Idaho *Chatterton, Melville Walter. . .Cal. Church, Robert Robins. . . .Tennessee Deason, Chester Oswald N. D. Dinan, Wilfred Irvin Texas Eshleman, Clyde Daniel Indiana *Ferrie, James William S. D. Fosket, Robert R Illinois *Fox, Clarence Indiana Gruesen, Joseph L Minnesota Halstead, Paul StaflFord Indiana Hurwitz, Harry Howard. .. .Illinois Johnson, Arthur Lee. . .South Dakota Monson, Harry Alfred Illinois *Murphy, Kenneth Wayne. . .Illinois Riegel, Harry J Illinois Roman, Benjamin Andrew Ohio Root, Melvin Austin, Jr Illinois Runyan, Lewis Nichols Illinois Seise, John Goddard Illinois Strauss, William John Illinois *Sutphen, George H Illinois Thornton, Peter J Ohio Thorsen, Arthur Valdimer. . .Illinois Tillotson, Kendall Spangler. Illinois Tippet, Bert Minnesota Welling, Myron B Illinois Westenberger, Max Iowa Williams, Russell Reed. . . .Montana ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 56 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY FRESHMEN Ackennan, Charles, Jr Illinois Aron, Eugene S Illinois Arnold, W. McKinley Iowa Barnard, Richard Edwin. .. .Illinois Bell, E. Cyril Indiana Bell, James R Illinois Blachly, D. W Indiana Blais, Otto R Minnesota *Borg, Alfred L Illinois Borg, John Ebert Illinois Bowling, Owen Indiana Brandser, Robert Edward. Wisconsin Brickwell, George William. .Illinois Campion, Sylvester John. . Minnesota Chase, Ralph Raymond. . .Michigan Chrt, George Illinois Collins, Josiah W., Jr S. D. Corcoran, Wilfred C. North Dakota *Dale, Gilfred Roy Wisconsin Dang, Tai Hee Hawaii Datz, William Frederick, Jr. Illinois Davis, Paul M Indiana Dewey, Walter M Michigan Dibblee, Basil R Indiana *Duarte, Horace Pennsylvania Dybdal, Arthur E Minnesota Gardner, Maxwell Leonard. .Canada Garrison, Nelson Illinois Gates, Raymond John Illinois Greenburg, Julius Nelson. . .Illinois Hall, Edwin E Ohio Hanson, Avery Michigan Harris, Richard V Minnesota Harvey, Ward Winfield S. D. Hax, George W Illinois Highum, Alvin Minnesota Houlihan, Joseph Harold Iowa Howell, Raymond L Indiana Hulvey, Leo Illinois Hunter, Robert G Iowa James, Clarence Edgar Illinois Johnson, Walter Ralph Illinois *Kalcheim, Harry Illinois Kelly, Harley Edmund Iowa *Kramer, David Illinois Larsen, Reuben South Dakota *Lawrence, John G Minnesota Lean, Garnett E North Dakota Lee, Reuben G Minnesota *Matriculated but not in attendance. Leininger, (Clarence W Illinois Marks, Arthur Alabama Mathews, Harry W. ... Washington Mazurek, Joseph S Wisconsin McCornack, Donald M Canada 'McEachern, Allan Illinois McKee, Dale L South Dakota *McMullen, Johnathan Glenn.. Wis. Meranda, Harry Alvin. .. .Missouri Merschat, Arnold Illinois Moore, Carl L Kansas Moulton, Harry A South Dakota Munro, Edward Frederick. . .Illinois Nakano, Yoshitaka Hawaii Nishimura, Hideichi Hawaii O'Hara, John Stirling Michigan Otis, Paul Michigan Peters, Leonard A Iowa Poliak, Edward Colorado Pommer, William Albert. . . .Canada Quinlan, Leo Jerome Indiana Radzinski, Paul Anthony. .Michigan Rafish, Samuel M Montana Redlich, Hermann E Illinois Reece, William Ethabert Utah Romine, Neva Louise Kansas Rubens, Sidney Leon Illinois Rubloff, Harry L Illinois Sanwick, Otto Wisconsin Schauf, Edward John Illinois *Shaf er, Feno S Utah Shissler, Francis Illinois *Silverman, Sidney Illinois Smith, Richard Clayton. . .Michigan Steffes, Clarence L Illinois Stitzel, Sumner A North Dakota Sutter, Fred William Michigan Swanson, Edgar Waif red. . .Indiana Taggart, Eleanora Ethel ... .Illinois Tait, James Weir Canada *Tohms, Clifton William. .. .Illinois Toraason, Hiram W Wisconsin *Turbow, Victor Morris. .. .Indiana *Walker, Lee Earl Illinois Watkjns, Vertice O Arizona Weiss, Leslie Lisle Indiana Wescott, Randall Livingston. .Mich. Williams, Roger S Wisconsin Wilmoth, William Alvin. .. .Kansas Woods, Harold J Illinois THEDENTALSCHOOL 57 Special Preparatory Course for Dental Officers' Reserve Corps of the Army JULY, I917 Anderson, Alfred George, D.D.S Illinois Birtwistle, John Edward, D.D.S Illinois Black, Merle Thomas, D.D.S Illinois Bokman, Arthur Frederick, D.D.S Illinois Bommerscheim, Earle Ferdinand, D.D.S Michigan Cassidy, George, D.D.S Massachusetts Chrt, Otto Thomas, D.D.S Illinois Corlew, Jesse John, D.D.S Illinois Davy, Oakley Bruce, D.D.S Illinois English, Winfrey William, D.D.S Missouri Finn, William Selby, D.D.S Illinois Freudenberg, Robert Scharle, D.D.S Illinois Gale, Frank Willis, D.D.S Illinois Gallagher, John Connel, D.D.S Minnesota Gallic, Donald M., Jr., D.D.S Illinois Gilbertson, Oscar Elert, D.D.S Illinois Gurney, Edward Brower, D.D.S Illinois Hess, Frank G., D.D.S Minnesota Hoeffel, Paul, D.D.S Illinois Holland, Theodore Albert, D.D.S Illinois Hooper, Harold Andrew, D.D.S Michigan Howell, Harry Carl, D.D.S .Illinois Huxtable, Harvey Simpson, D.D.S Wisconsin Jackson, Clarence Pefferce, D.D.S Iowa Johnson, Walter W., D.D.S Illinois Jonas, Sam Theo., D.D.S Illinois Jones, Harry Reese, D.D.S Wisconsin Kellogg, John Sanford, D.D.S Illinois Kettlewell, Norman Lloyd, D.D.S Minnesota Kirmse, H., D.D.S Wisconsin Lebowitz, Abraham Emanuel, D.D.S Illinois Lundquist, Gottf red Rudolph, D.D.S Illinois Manosevitch, George Herman, D.D.S Illinois Marks, Rodney Hugh, D.D.S Illinois McLaughlin, Angus James, D.D.S Illinois Miller, Clyde J., D.D.S Illinois Newton, Francis Jefferson, D.D.S Illinois Pitts, Leonard Brooks, D.D.S Illinois Roberts, Harold Cecil, D.D.S Indiana Roe, Walter, D.D.S Illinois Rosenblum, Maurice, D.D.S Illinois Schultze, Louis, D.D.S Wisconsin Shapira, Charles Alter, D.D.S Illinois Shaughnessy, L. J., D.D.S Indiana 58 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Schoenbrod, Abraham M., D.D.S Illinois Soffel, Arthur Elmer, D.D.S Illinois Stansbury, George H., D.D.S Illinois Trulson, Palmer Charles, D.D.S Illinois Watts, Emmett Ross, D.D.S Iowa Werner, Adrian Frank, D.D.S Minnesota Wickstrom, Walter C, D.D.S Illinois Woods, Frank Rav, D.D.S Illinois Officers' School of Plastic and Oral Surgery Established by Order of the Surgeon General of the Army NOVEMBER — DFXF.MBF.R, 1917 Banner, Capt. Charles W North Carolina Barns, Capt. Frank M Nebraska Burnside, Lieut. Lyman A Indiana Carnes, Capt, William A Tennessee Cleaves, Lieut. Prentiss B Iowa Cox, Lieut. Oliver C Washington, D. C. Donlevy, Lieut. Frank D Illinois Dozier, Capt. Earnest California Elliston, Lieut. Leroy B Illinois Fowler, Lieut. Sherman M Michigan Frazier, Capt. Claude E Missouri Frazier, Lieut. Max C .Iowa Gallie, Lieut. Donald M Illinois Garriott, Lieut. John P Indiana Holland, Lieut. Carl M Illinois James, Capt. Maurice C West Virginia Kellogg, Lieut. John S Illinois Leach, Lieut. Floyd D Illinois Lee, Lieut. Jay Harry Indiana Leonard, Lieut. Frank S Indiana Lester, Capt. Frederick W New York Lyman, Capt. Francis R New York MacGibbon, Lieut. Everett E Minnesota McLean, Capt. George D Oklahoma Morgan, Lieut. Walter M Tennessee O'Bannon, Lieut. Brien B .Tennessee Postle, Lieut. Merton M West Virginia Rockey, Capt. Alpha E Oregon Siewert, Lieut. George D Wisconsin Skiff, Lieut. George S New York Steffens, Lieut. Charles New York Todd, Lieut. David D Michigan Voss, Lieut. John Iowa Young, Lieut. Earl T Illinois THEDENTALSCHOOL 59 Practitioners' Course FEBRUARY, 1918 Barnes, John William, D.D.S Montana Bates, Orville Lee, D.D.S Illinois Best, Isaac Dodd, D.D.S Kentucky ♦Brown, William E., D.D.S Michigan Cobb, Casper Allen, D.D.S Wisconsin Fisher, Harry A., D.D.S New York Hanson, Carl Edward, D.D.S South Dakota ♦Harrison, J. C, D.D.S West Virginia Hartsfield, John David, D.D.S Oklahoma Haury, Arthur Otto, D.D.S Kansas Hurst, Harry Emerson, D.D.S Iowa Irimajiri, Naoshige, D.D.S New York McHenry, William Allen, D.D.S Nebraska McLeran, John William, D.D.S Nebraska Mozisek, Robert Nicholas, D.D.S Texas Napton, Thomas Lanier, D.D.S Montana Parr, John Cullen, D.D.S Tennessee Pettit, Blaine Bowman, D.D.S Michigan Raiche, Frederick E., D.D.S Wisconsin Reisling, Frank Carl, D.D.S Oklahoma Rogers, Edward Burton, D.D.S Ohio Silcott, James, D.D.S Ohio Singer, David Samuel, D.D.S Illinois Smale, Robert Edward, D.D.S Canada Army Dental Service Course FEBRUARY, 1918 Ambrugv, Cullen, D.D.S West Virginia Beckett, ' Roy, D.D.S Kentucky Bell, Frank J., D.D.S Montana Blavnev, James Roy, D.D.S Illinois Boehler, George M., D.D.S Nebraska ♦Briggs, Charles F., D.D.S Ohio Carr, Cvril Sargeant, D.D.S Indiana Colter, Rov B., D.D.S Wisconsin Coolev, Ralph Clarkson, D.D.S Texas Coon,' Corliss Dale, D.D.S Iowa Crawford, Clarke Raymond, D.D.S Pennsylvania Croessmann, June W., D.D.S Illinois Davis, John Harrison, D.D.S South Dakota Eisenman, Abraham, D.D.S Ohio Elder, CliflFord P., D.D.S Kansas Epling, Giles Thomas, D.D.S West Virginia ♦Matriculated but not in attendance. 60 NORTHWESTERN UNIVERSITY Fenzel, Frank William, D.D.S Ohio Fitzgerald, Vitus Arthur, D.D.S Washington Harris, Clarence Sidney, D.D.S Pennsylvania Hocking, Harry G., D.D.S North Dakota Hull, Ira Thomas, D.D.S Indiana Jacobs, Augustus Carlysle, D.D.S Missouri Jensen, Harold B., D.D.S Oregon Johnston, John Harvey, D.D.S Montana Kreamer, Charles W., D.D.S Nebraska *Kremer, Leo Wilfred, D.D.S South Dakota Leach, Herbert Salusus, D.D.S Indiana Lloyd, Daniel J., D.D.S Ohio Meaker, Stanleigh Reeve, D.D.S New York Moomey, Mervil L., D.D.S Illinois Morgen, John E., D.D.S Kansas Morgan, Ralph E., D.D.S Pennsylvania *Preston, John L', D.D.S Texas Quesnell, Arthur John, D.D.S Minnesota Rietz, Arthur R., D.D.S Indiana Robertson, Lester James, D.D.S North Dakota Sellers, Maurice B., D.D.S Indiana Sheppard, Frank G., D.D.S West Virginia Silverberg, Edward Melvin, D.D.S Colorado Thomas, Elmer Alonzo, D.D.S Nebraska Turner, Reuben Cattlett, D.D.S Kansas *Welter, Charles H., D.D.S Indiana Whitney, Harry Carroll, D.D.S South Dakota Wild, Rudolph Louis, D.D.S Missouri Wilkinson, Frank Henry, D.D.S Michigan Williams, Raymond L., D.D.S Wisconsin Officers' School of Plastic and Oral Surgery Established by Order of the Surgeon General of the Army MARCHj 1918 Carter, Lieut. Edward C Colorado Chambers, Capt. Harry L. Kansas Fleming, Lieut. Samuel Clifton Illinois Ford, Lieut. James W Illinois Gauerke, Lieut. Gilbert H Wisconsin Grant, Lieut. Henry Lee Kentucky Harned, Capt. Calvin Waldo Iowa Hassig, Capt. John Franklin Kansas Hughes, Lieut. Richard C Colorado Hynson, Lieut. Garrett Lee Oregon *Matriculated but not in attendance. THEDENTALSCHOOL 61 Johnson, Lieut. Joseph E Kentucky Karshner, Capt. Warner Melvin Washington Kellogg, Lieut. John S Illinois Kelly, Lieut. Edmund J .California Lazear, Lieut. Davies Illinois Lewis, Lieut. Samuel J Michigan Mabie, Lieut. L. D Kansas Mentzer, Lieut. William Edward Minnesota Morrow, Lieut. Henry Iowa Moss, Lieut. Zachariah W Illinois Narrley, Lieut. George Raymond Iowa Post, Lieut. Norman A New York Pruyn, Lieut. Walter M Illinois Tholen, Capt. Emil Francis California Thompson, Lieut. Oscar William Kentucky Trimble, Lieut. James Ford Pennsylvania Tuckey, Lieut. Harry Alfred California Vander Bogart, Lieut. Harry Eugene Illinois Wadsworth, Lieut. Henry Palmer Illinois Ward, Capt. Mark Hopkins New York Webster, Lieut. Frederick W Nebraska Williams, Lieut. William C Illinois Roll of Honor Weedex Edward Osborne Class of 1915 Killed in action. Dr. Osborne was the first officer of the naval forces to be killed in action in France. 62 NORl^HWESTERN UNIVERSITY Geographical Distribution of Students Seniors Alabama Arizona Arkansas 3 California i Colorado District of Columbia Georgia i Idaho Illinois 72 Indiana 9 Iowa 7 Kansas 2 Kentucky Louisiana 2 Massachusetts Michigan 4 Minnesota 14 Missouri 3 Montana 4 Nebraska 2 New York 2 North Carolina North Dakota 8 Ohio 4 Oklahoma i Oregon 2 Pennsylvania i South Dakota 16 Tennessee Texas 2 Utah 6 Vermont i Virginia Washington 3 VV^est Virginia Wisconsin 29 Hawaiian Islands 2 Panama i Armenia i Australia i British West Indies i Canada 7 Lithuania Norway i Russia Juniors Sophomores I 86 14 16 19 15 Freshmen I Post Graduates 2 6 10 Total I 2 3 6 2 262 48 39 14 5 3 30 49 9 18 10 II 28 19 4 6 7 39 6 9 19 I 10 6 61 6 I I I I 17 2 I TOTALS 213 237 31 99 768 THEDENTALSCHOOL 63 Northwestern University Dental School Alumni Association OFFICERS FOR I918-I919 J. D. Blackwell, President, Chicago. J. D. Lyding, First Vice-President, Chicago. W. C. Walker, Second Vice-President, Chicago. M. M. Printz, Secretary and Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., Chicago. executive committee LuciEN H. Arnold, Chairman, Chicago. Eugene Maginnis, Chicago. T. B. S. Wallace, Chicago. The- annual Home-coming Clinic will be held Tuesday, June 10, 1919, at the University Building. The Association publishes a quarterly Journal, which is a medium for the circulation of articles of interest to Northwestern alumni and for the exchange of friendly greetings. The Alumni Associa- tion and the Journal exist for the purpose of maintaining and ad- vancing all things of mutual interest to the alumni and the School. All members of the Association in good standing will receive the Journal. Any graduate of the Northwestern University Dental School may become a member of the Alumni Association upon pay- ment of the membership fee of one dollar and dues of one dollar annually. We ask that the Alumni support the Association and the Journal, and co-operate earnestly with the officers in making our official publication a still greater success. For information regarding the Association, address the Secretary. M. M. Printz, Secretary-Treasurer, 25 E. Washington St., Chicago. For information regarding the School, address Northwestern University Dental School, 31 W. Lake St., Chicago. 64 N () R T H W E S T E R N U N 1 V E R S I T Y Index Page Administrative Officers 6 Admission, Retjuirements for.... 15 Advanced Standing 16 Alumni Association 63 Anatomy 20 Army Training Corps 9 Bacteriology 20 Biology 21 Board and Room 45 Building and Equipment 10 Calendar 4 Chemistry 21 Clinical Material 36 Clinics 35 Comparative Dental Anatomy... 22 Combined Courses 17 Degrees 16, 35 Dental Anatomy 25 Dental Economics 22 Dental Jurisprudence 23 Dental Pathology 25, 27 Dormitories 46 English 23 Enlisted Medical Reserve Corps. 10 Faculty 6 Fees and Expenses 43 Geographical Di.stribution of Stu- dents 62 Graduate Courses 47 Histology 23 History of Dental School 9 Honors 36 Page Instruments 38 Libraries, Chicago 13 Library jo Materia Medica 24 Military Service Course 49 Mouth Hygiene 24 Museum ii Operative Technics 25 Operative Dentistry 25 Oral Prophylaxis 24 Oral Surgery 29 Orthodontia 30 Pathology, General 31 Physical Diagnosis 33 Physics 31 Physiology 32 Post-Graduate Course 47 Professional Ethics 23 Prosthetic Dentistry 33 Register of Students 51 Requirements for Degrees 35 Roll of Honor 61 Rooms and Board 45 Schedule of Courses 17 Situation 12 Students' Army Training Corps . . 9 Summer Clinics 36 Technical Drawing 35 Text-books 37 Therapeutics 24 University 5 NORTHWESTERN University Bulletin is published by Northwestern University weekly during the academic year at Chicago, Illinois. Entered as second- class mail matter November 21, 1913, at the post-office at Chicago, Illinois, under Act of Congress of August 24, 1912. Acceptance for mailing at special rate of postage pro- vided for in Section 1103, Act of Ottober 3, 1917, authorized on June 14, 1918.